The Glory Of Ancient Greece Weebly-Books Download

The Glory of Ancient Greece Weebly
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Greece is a peninsula jutting out into the Mediterranean Sea. consisted of the mainland outer islands, Areas of ancient Greece separated by the sea mountains. valleys developed into separate CITY STATES like a. ANCIENT GREECE, City States such as Megara Argos Corinth Athens and Sparta. were made up of a main city small towns villages and nearby farms. A City State was called a polis Each city state had its own laws. rulers military money customs fierce local pride These factors. the geographical separations kept the Greek city states from. uniting In fact they fought each other continually for most of. their history, In spite of their differences the Greek city states BANDED TOGETHER in 478. B C to combat an invasion by the mighty Persian Empire. The ALLIANCE THEY FORMED WAS CALLED THE DELIAN LEAGUE The. League s members supplied muscle fighting men or money. ATHENS became the leader in charge of the naval fleet and the treasury. United the Greek city states were able to defeat the Persians Because Athens. lay in ruins after the Persian attack their leader PERICLES used the Delian. League monies to rebuild his city and navy The now rich Athens became the. dominate power in Greece This upset the other city states and broke up their. alliance Fierce battles soon broke out especially between Athens its chief. rival Sparta, What followed was 100 years of GREEKS FIGHTING GREEKS in the. PELOPONNESIAN WARS Eventually the constant warfare weaken the city states so. much that the MACEDONIANS INVADED AND CONQUERED ALL OF GREECE BY. 338 B C These foreign invaders controlled Greece until the Roman armies over threw. the Macedonians added Greece to their expanding Empire. ANCIENT GREEK LIFESTYLE,Downtown Greek style,The AGORA an open air market gathering.
place in Greek cities towns,Shops law courts government building libraries. other businesses were all part of the AGORA It was. the place where people met to hear the latest news. listen to orators public speakers discuss current,Greek clothing was fashioned out of. lots of folded and draped cloth, The Greek society was MALE DOMINATED only males could be citizens and only. upper class males enjoyed a formal education Women had few political rights and were. expected TO STAY AT HOME AND TAKE CARE OF CHILDREN More than one quarter. of the population was made of slaves usually prisoners captured during the many wars. GREEK GIFTS TO THE,MODERN WORLD,MATHEMATICS SCIENCE PHILOSOPHY. ART ARCHITECTURE BALANCE,PROPORTION HARMONY BEAUTY were the.
key Greek IDEALS,DEMOCRACY The ancient Athenians developed. a government that is ruled by the people,through their votes Only the Athenian male. citizen had the right to vote,THE OLYMPICS The Ancient Olympic Games. were an athletic and religious celebration held in. the town of Olympia near of Mount Olympus from,776 BC to 393 AD. DRAMA Greek theatre history began with,festivals honoring the god Dionysus Tragedy.
comedy and satyr plays were the theatrical forms, that eventually grew out of these religious festivals. ANCIENT GREEK RELIGION,Religion was a very important aspect of Greek. society and culture The Greeks worshipped,many gods creating a POLYTHEISTIC. The gods were admired and,feared being distinguished. from humans by their,immortality,The Greeks thought that the.
gods controlled natural and,social forces and resided on. MOUNT OLYMPUS,The Greeks believed that,they had to worship and. please the gods in order to,have good fortune,Therefore they participated. in rituals ceremonies and,sacrifices in order to,impress them. Ancient temples, Most Greek communities built a FOR ON TOP OF A LARGE HILL.
CALLED AN ACROPOLIS The acropolis was the religious center of. the city state where temples honouring the city state s chief gods. were built, The PARTHENON Main temple of the Acropolis Dedicated. to ATHENA goddess of wisdom and warfare and the,protector of Athens. ARCHITECTURE,Greek temples like Egyptian temples used basic. POST AND LINTEL construction,Post Lintel support,CELLA window less rectangular room where. the statue of the temple s god was kept,Colonnade of columns.
placed in rows,surrounding the,whole building,COLUMN CONSTRUCTION. In the post lintel construction,COLUMNS provide STRUCTURAL. SUPPORT for roofs ceilings and,the upper parts of buildings. The Ancient Greeks desired,beauty harmony and balance in. their lives in their architecture,Most COLUMNS consist of three.
the CAPITAL TOP SECTION,These columns orders are still. used today in many public,Columns were NOT one solid piece. but made up of DRUMS that stacked,on top of each other. DECORATIVE,1 DORIC ORDER,SHAFT simple sturdy shaft that tapers towards. BASE The column rests on the top step with NO,CAPITAL a big plain disk like capital.
DECORATIVE,2 IONIC ORDER,More refined and decorative. CAPITAL Shaped like a double,scroll or ram s horns. SHAFT taller and more delicate,slender ad fluted,BASE columns sit.


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