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Teaching Multicultural Literature
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Teaching Multicultural Literature A Workshop for the Middle Grades. is produced by,Thirteen WNET New York,2005 The Annenberg Foundation. All rights reserved,ISBN 1 57680 772 X,Funding for. Teaching Multicultural Literature A Workshop for the Middle Grades. is provided by Annenberg CPB, Annenberg CPB a unit of The Annenberg Foundation uses media and telecommunications to advance excellent. teaching in American schools Annenberg CPB funds educational series and teacher professional development. workshops for the Annenberg CPB Channel The Channel is distributed free by satellite to schools and other edu. cational and community organizations nationwide and streamed via broadband on the Web. The notable series workshops and activities of Annenberg CPB include American Passages A Literary Survey. Artifacts Fiction Workshop in American Literature Conversations in Literature Developing Writers A Workshop for. High School Teachers Engaging With Literature workshop and library English Composition Writing for an Audience. The Expanding Canon Teaching Multicultural Literature in High School In Search of the Novel Literary Visions Making. Meaning in Literature workshop and library Signature Contemporary Writers Voices Visions and Write in the. Middle A Workshop for Middle School Teachers, To purchase copies of our videos and guides or to learn more about our other professional development mate. rials and the Annenberg CPB Channel contact us by phone by mail or on the Web. 1 800 LEARNER,P O Box 2345,S Burlington VT 05407 2345.
info learner org,www learner org,Table of Contents. Introduction 1,About the Workshop 1,Workshop Components 3. Helpful Hints for Facilitators 4,Materials Needed 5. About the Contributors 6,Workshop 1 Engagement and Dialogue. Julia Alvarez James McBride Lensey Namioka and more 11. Workshop 2 Engagement and Dialogue,Judith Ortiz Cofer and Nikki Grimes 15.
Workshop 3 Research and Discovery,Shirley Sterling and Laura Tohe 19. Workshop 4 Research and Discovery,Edwidge Danticat An Na Laurence Yep and more 23. Workshop 5 Historical and Cultural Context,Christopher Paul Curtis 27. Workshop 6 Historical and Cultural Context,Langston Hughes and Christopher Moore 31. Workshop 7 Social Justice and Action,Alma Flor Ada Pam Mu oz Ryan and Paul Yee 35.
Workshop 8 Social Justice and Action,Joseph Bruchac and Francisco Jim nez 39. Appendix 43,Notes on Teaching Multicultural Literature 45. Workshop Reading List 47,Credits 49,About the Workshop. Teaching Multicultural Literature A Workshop for the Middle Grades explores a wide range of works instruc. tional strategies and resources, In eight one hour videos teachers from across the country model approaches that make multicultural literature. meaningful for students in grades five to eight As units unfold over time students engage in critical discussions. of race class and social justice that inspire them to take action for change The featured teachers along with. leading educators provide reflection and commentary throughout the programs Authors share information. about their writings through interviews and classroom visits. The Web site supplements the video content with author biographies synopses of the works summaries of the. video lessons information on implementing the teaching strategies student work samples interviews with. authors teachers and commentators annotated bibliographies and selected short works of literature featured in. the workshop The workshop guide includes discussion questions activities assignments and guidance for facil. itating professional development,Workshop Descriptions.
Workshop 1 Engagement and Dialogue Julia Alvarez James McBride Lensey Namioka. In New York City Carol O Donnell and her seventh grade students explore themes of multiple worlds and dual. identities They read poetry by Diana Chang and Naomi Shihab Nye James McBride s memoir The Color of Water. and essays and short stories by Gish Jen Khoi T Luu Lensey Namioka and Julia Alvarez and watch Tina Lee per. form a monologue O Donnell uses historical documents and a documentary video about the U S Census to pro. vide context for the works Through a series of innovative drama role play and writing activities the students. examine the social and cultural experiences of the characters and reflect on their own definitions and experiences. of identity, Workshop 2 Engagement and Dialogue Judith Ortiz Cofer and Nikki Grimes. The program begins with a profile of the writer Judith Ortiz Cofer and then moves to Vista California where Akiko. Morimoto and her eighth grade students read short stories by Ortiz Cofer They respond personally to the works. examine the author s use of figurative language and then make intertextual connections with books they ve read. throughout the school year In a culminating project the students create their own visual symbols to represent. the characters and events in the text They then explore works by Nikki Grimes and examine her craft as a writer. Grimes visits the classroom answers questions about her work and attends an after school reading of student. Workshop 3 Research and Discovery Shirley Sterling and Laura Tohe. At the Skokomish reservation in Washington State Sally Brownfield and her eighth grade students study the lit. erature and issues related to the Indian boarding school program through community involvement and self. examination Brownfield begins with her students questions and supports the students through a cycle of. investigation discussion presentation and reflection as they seek answers The students use Shirley Sterling s. novel My Name Is Seepeetza and the poetry of Laura Tohe as lenses through which to explore topics of their. choosing The class visits the Skokomish Tribal Center to interview tribal elders about the impact of the residen. tial boarding program on the community Author Shirley Sterling visits the class and answers students questions. related to her novel her life and their research topics. Teaching Multicultural Literature 1 Introduction,About the Workshop cont d. Workshop 4 Research and Discovery Edwidge Danticat An Na Laurence Yep and more. In Clayton Missouri Kathryn Mitchell Pierce s sixth grade students read works that explore issues of historical and. contemporary immigration Pierce uses text sets of multicultural picture books poetry and nonfiction to intro. duce the students to a wide range of perspectives and to set the stage for their novel study The students choose. and then discuss in literature groups novels by An Na Edwidge Danticat Walter Dean Myers Pam Mu oz Ryan. and Laurence Yep In culminating presentations they synthesize themes and pose thought provoking questions. that invite others to examine these novels in new ways This program features author profiles of Laurence Yep and. Edwidge Danticat, Workshop 5 Historical and Cultural Context Christopher Paul Curtis. Laina Jones and her sixth grade students in Dorchester Massachusetts explore The Watsons Go to Birmingham. 1963 by Christopher Paul Curtis Jones uses nonfiction documentary film and historical photographs to contex. tualize the events in the novel and the civil rights movement The students make deep connections to the. literature through drama poetry and creative writing activities Curtis visits the classroom addresses questions. and leads the students in a writing workshop The unit culminates with a service learning project in which the stu. dents create children s books about the civil rights movement and share them with elementary school children. Workshop 6 Historical and Cultural Context Langston Hughes and Christopher Moore. Stanlee Brimberg and his seventh grade students in New York City study the recently discovered African Burial. Ground in Manhattan through factual texts video art photography and poetry The students interview writer. historian and documentary filmmaker Christopher Moore to learn more about the experiences of African slaves. in early New York They examine the works of Langston Hughes and drawing on all of the texts write their own. poetry and engage in peer review As a culminating activity the students take a field trip to the African Burial. Ground Memorial then design their own postage stamps to commemorate the site. Workshop 7 Social Justice and Action Alma Flor Ada Pam Mu oz Ryan and Paul Yee. Laura Alvarez and her bilingual fourth and fifth grade students in Oakland California examine different perspec. tives and experiences of immigrants and then formulate and defend positions on issues with which they connect. personally They examine My Name Is Mar a Isabel by Alma Flor Ada Esperanza Rising by Pam Mu oz Ryan and. Tales From Gold Mountain by Paul Yee and compare characters hopes expectations and actual experiences upon. arriving in the United States The students conduct research which includes interviews with family members and. nonfiction readings Alma Flor Ada visits the classroom answers questions about her novel and facilitates a dis. cussion about social justice and taking action for change As a culminating project the students write and revise. persuasive letters to raise public awareness about the issues they ve examined. Workshop 8 Social Justice and Action Joseph Bruchac and Francisco Jim nez. This program begins with profiles of the featured authors then moves to Chicago Illinois where Lisa Espinosa s. seventh grade students explore themes of representation through literature documentary film and photog. raphy The students look critically at past and current media depictions of African Americans Latino as and Native. Americans and examine ways in which artists and writers from within those cultural groups including Joseph. Bruchac and Francisco Jim nez represent themselves The students analyze the individual works make compar. isons across texts and make connections to their own lives In a culminating project they represent their own. experience through black and white photography and personal essays Teachers family and community mem. bers gather at a local coffeehouse for an exhibit of the students work. Introduction 2 Teaching Multicultural Literature,Workshop Components. This guide provides everything you need to know to conduct this workshop either with colleagues or on your. own The workshop consists of activities carried out with your colleagues on site Workshop Sessions and those. to do on your own Between Sessions See Helpful Hints for Facilitators on p 4 for more information on preparing. for group workshop sessions,Workshop Sessions On Site.
Weekly workshop sessions may be scheduled around live broadcasts you should plan to begin at least 30 min. utes before the scheduled broadcast You may prefer to pre record the programs on videocassette and schedule. the sessions at a time that is convenient for all participants Sessions work best when scheduled for a minimum of. two hours Before watching each video you will engage in a pre viewing discussion activity related to the litera. ture These activities are designed to immerse you in an experience of the literature that is analogous to the way. in which the students explore the literature in the video Following each video you will discuss the teaching. strategies highlighted in the unit,Each session consists of three parts. Getting Ready, In preparation for watching the program you will engage in approximately 30 minutes of discussion and activity. related to the literature featured in the video,Watch the Workshop Video. Watch the 60 minute video program,Going Further, Wrap up the workshop with an additional 30 minutes of discussion and activity related to the featured teaching. strategies,Between Sessions On Your Own,Homework Assignment.
You will be assigned readings and activities to review ideas presented in the workshop session just completed and. to prepare you for the next one,Ongoing Activities. Throughout the workshop try incorporating the literature and strategies into your classroom instruction To think. about apply and extend what you ve learned,Keep a Journal. In your journal include thoughts questions and discoveries you have as you review the online materials and. reflect on the workshop Note how your participation in the workshop session influenced you as a learner and. as a teacher, Visit the Web Site www learner org channel workshops tml. Go online for materials and resources to deepen your understanding of the literature and the teaching prac. tices shown in the workshop,Teaching Multicultural Literature 3 Introduction. Workshop Components cont d,Use the Online Activity.
The Interactive Strategy Workbook is an activity on the Teaching Multicultural Literature Web site that offers you. a chance to reflect on the teaching strategies covered in the workshop The activity features poems by Paula. Gunn Allen and Dwight Okita Read them and consider how you might adapt the teaching strategies to the. poems and your students Save your ideas in the workbook and return to the activity as you proceed through. the workshop,Share Ideas on Channel Talk, You can subscribe to an email discussion list and communicate with other workshop participants online To. subscribe to Channel talkmsmultilit visit, http www learner org mailman listinfo channel talkmsmultilit. Helpful Hints for Facilitators,Successful Workshop Sessions. These guidelines will help you conduct successful workshop sessions particularly the Getting Ready and Going. Further segments These 30 minute pre and post video group discussions will help participants better under. stand the video programs and enhance the workshop experience Getting Ready prepares participants to focus. on the video programs Going Further provides the opportunity to analyze and reflect on what they saw. Designate Responsibilities, Each week someone should be responsible for facilitating the workshop sessions This may be a professional facil. itator or a volunteer from among the participants or you may choose to divide and rotate duties among several. participants, Prepare for the Session and Bring the Necessary Materials.
The facilitator should review the entire workshop session in this guide as well as the list of materials needed prior. to arriving for the session See p 5 for the first session s preparation for all other sessions see the Homework. Assignment from the previous session The facilitator will be responsible for bringing enough materials for all the. participants or alerting them about materials they should bring and assignments they should have completed If. you are viewing the programs on videocassette the facilitator may want to preview them. Introduction 4 Teaching Multicultural Literature,Helpful Hints for Facilitators cont d. Before the First Session, You may want to photocopy this guide for all the participants so they can follow along refer to ideas covered in. the session and have their homework assignments handy Or you may direct them to the workshop Web site at. www learner org channel workshops tml to print the guide themselves direct them to Support Materials Either. way you will want the participants to have the guide prior to the first session so they will arrive prepared They. Review the entire workshop reading list in the Appendix see Support Materials and purchase the. required books or borrow them from the library, Go to the workshop Web site at www learner org channel workshops tml. Read the Workshop 1 overview and information about the authors and literature biographies synopses. and key references,Read at least three of the following texts. Note Those marked with an are available online in the Workshop 1 Readings at www learner org. channel workshops tml see Support Materials,I Want To Be Miss Am rica by Julia Alvarez.
What Means Switch by Gish Jen, Family Ties Exposing the Lighter Side of the Vietnamese American Experience by Khoi Truong Luu. The Color of Water by James McBride,The All American Slurp by Lensey Namioka. Half and Half by Naomi Shihab Nye, As you read highlight or copy one or two quotations from each text that are meaningful to you Record. any questions that come up, Bring your notes and copies of the Workshop 1 texts to the first workshop session. Materials Needed, Participants are asked to read texts and online materials in preparation for each workshop session A reading list.
including ISBNs is included with each workshop session in this guide The entire reading list for all eight workshop. sessions can be found in the Appendix Some of the short works featured in the programs are available on the. workshop Web site www learner org channel workshops tml see Support Materials Workshop Readings See. the Homework Assignment for each workshop session to determine what works and or texts participants will. Teaching Multicultural Literature 5 Introduction,About the Contributors. Classroom Teachers, Laura Alvarez currently teaches a fifth grade English Spanish bilingual class at Melrose Elementary School in. Oakland California where she has taught fourth and fifth grade for four years Through her research and ongoing. classroom inquiry she is working to make her teaching practice more responsive to students academic and lin. guistic needs in both their primary and second languages Prior to teaching Alvarez worked for the Bay Area. Coalition of Essential Schools in Oakland, Stanlee Brimberg teaches seventh grade literacy and social studies at the Bank Street School for Children in New. York City In addition to teaching Brimberg has developed curricula for the New York City Department of Education. created classroom resources for the Scribner Literature Series and written lesson materials for several Web sites. Brimberg has also led teacher education workshops on creating curriculum using primary source materials. Sally Brownfield has more than 20 years of classroom experience including teaching at Hood Canal School in. Shelton Washington She recently taught courses on children s literature to preservice teachers at Washington. State University in Seattle Brownfield currently provides consulting services to schools on Native American edu. cation She is the author of Motivating Native American Students Strategies That Work and The Children A Child Care. Curriculum for Young Native Americans, Lisa Espinosa teaches language arts and science to seventh graders at the Irma C Ruiz School a public school on. the south side of Chicago Espinosa has published articles about her teaching in Rethinking Schools Additionally. she has lectured at Northeastern University on teaching Mexican American students in urban schools She has. received many awards and honors including the Oppenheimer Grant for teaching the Rochelle Lee Award and a. nomination for the Golden Apple Award for excellence. Laina Jones teaches sixth grade humanities at The Harbor School an Expeditionary Learning Outward Bound. School in Dorchester Massachusetts She serves on The Harbor School Governing Board and is a Seeking Educational. Equity and Diversity SEED Leader Jones also coaches the girls basketball team codirects the Girls Rites of Passage. program and mentors students from her alma mater the Harvard Graduate School of Education Jones was nomi. nated for the Disney Teacher Award, Akiko Morimoto teaches seventh and eighth grade English at Washington Middle School in Vista California She.
is a National Board for Professional Teaching Standards certified teacher in Early Adolescence English Language. Arts Morimoto currently serves as Vice President of the California Association of Teachers of English She has. served as the Middle Level Representative at Large on the Executive Committee of the National Council of. Teachers of English NCTE and cochaired two of NCTE s national conventions. Carol O Donnell is a middle school English teacher and Outreach Director at Manhattan Country School a K 8 inde. pendent school in New York City O Donnell has developed curricula founded on multiculturalism social justice. academic and creative blossoming and the richness of human identity In addition she has served as a Seeking. Educational Equity and Diversity SEED leader and as cochair of the New York State Association of Independent. Schools Diversity Committee, Kathryn Mitchell Pierce is a sixth grade literacy and social studies teacher and a writing instructional support. specialist at Wydown Middle School in Clayton Missouri A former multi age primary teacher and university fac. ulty member Pierce has published widely Her research interests include the role of talk in supporting the learning. process the roles of literature in the curriculum and the use of literature to promote critical conversations about. issues of equity and social justice,Introduction 6 Teaching Multicultural Literature. About the Contributors cont d,Scholars Teacher Educators. Joseph Bruchac Ph D received an M A in literature and creative writing from Syracuse University and a Ph D in. comparative literature from the Union Institute of Ohio Bruchac is a writer and storyteller who often draws on tra. ditional Abenaki stories in his work He has written and published over 100 books Bruchac has volunteered as a. teacher in Ghana led writing workshops and directed a college program in prisons He has been a storyteller for. Native American organizations and schools including the Onondaga Nation School and the Institute of Alaska. Native Arts Bruchac founded a literary magazine The Greenfield Review and codirects the Greenfield Review. Literary Center and The Greenfield Review Press His honors and awards include the National Endowment for the. Arts Writing Fellowship for Poetry the Cherokee Nation Prose Award the Hope S Dean Award for Notable. Achievement in Children s Literature the Native Writers Circle of the Americas Lifetime Achievement Award and. the Virginia Hamilton Literary Award, Patricia Enciso Ph D is an associate professor in the College of Education and the Latino a Studies Program. Coordinator at Ohio State University where she teaches graduate courses in critically engaged reading multi. cultural literature middle grade literacy methods and Latino a perspectives on critical theory research and prac. tice As an assistant professor at the University of Wisconsin Madison Enciso developed research and teaching. related to multicultural literature in education Her research on children s engaged reading and interpretations of. cultural knowledge has been published in Language Arts Reading and Writing Quarterly English Education The. Handbook of Research on Teaching the English Language Arts and Making Race Visible Literacy Research for Cultural. Understanding She coedited Theory Into Practice Already Reading Children Texts and Contexts and New. Directions in Sociocultural Theory Power Identity and Agency She has served as the chair of the Am ricas Award. Committee for Latino a children s literature and has coedited a regular review of children s literature for The New. Advocate Enciso was awarded a Spencer Postdoctoral Fellowship for work on the sociocultural landscapes of chil. dren s relationships reading and cultural knowledge. Jerome C Harste Ph D is professor of language education at Indiana University and has the distinction of being. the first Martha Lea and Bill Armstrong Chair in Teacher Education A strong advocate of classroom based. research Harste has been working with teachers over multiple years in an effort to collaboratively create the most. conducive classroom environments possible for literacy learning As the result of this work he has become a. spokesperson for literature based teaching inquiry based education critical literacy and multiple ways of. knowing curriculum Harste has authored or coauthored numerous professional publications including Beyond. Reading and Writing Inquiry Curriculum and Multiple Ways of Knowing Supporting Critical Conversations in. Classrooms and Creating Classrooms for Authors The Reading Writing Connection He is a children s author as well. as the past president of the National Conference on Research in Language and Literacy the National Reading. Conference the Whole Language Umbrella and the National Council of Teachers of English. Valerie Felita Kinloch Ph D is assistant professor of English education at Teachers College Columbia University. Prior to this appointment she was assistant professor of English composition and rhetoric at the University of. Houston Downtown Her most recent work investigates democratic engagements literacy practices writing. conventions moves and spatial affiliation in the education of diverse student populations She is currently. working on an educational biography on the life and literary contributions of scholar activist poet June Jordan. Kinloch coedited Still Seeking an Attitude Critical Reflections on the Work of June Jordan a collection of critical. essays Her writings have appeared in Word English Education JAC A Journal of Composition Theory. Developmental Education and Urban Literacy Monograph The Encyclopedia of the Harlem Renaissance and College. Composition Communication journal, Peggy McIntosh Ph D is Associate Director of the Wellesley College Center for Research on Women and Founder.
and Codirector of the United States SEED Seeking Educational Equity and Diversity Project on Inclusive. Curriculum She consults widely with college and school faculty who want to create gender fair and multicultural. curricula teaching methods and school climates In 1988 she published the groundbreaking article White. Privilege and Male Privilege A Personal Account of Coming to See Correspondences Through Work in Women s. Studies McIntosh has taught at the Brearley School Harvard University Trinity College Washington D C the. University of Denver the University of Durham England and Wellesley College She is a cofounder of the Rocky. Mountain Women s Institute and has been consulting editor to SAGE A Scholarly Journal on Black Women In addi. Teaching Multicultural Literature 7 Introduction,About the Contributors cont d. tion to having two honorary degrees she is a recipient of the Klingenstein Award for Distinguished Educational. Leadership from Columbia University Teachers College. Sonia Nieto Ph D is professor of language literacy and culture in the School of Education University of. Massachusetts Amherst She has taught students at all levels from elementary grades through graduate school. and for the past 30 years has focused on preparing teachers and teacher educators Her research focuses on mul. ticultural education and on the education of Latino as immigrants and students of diverse cultural and linguistic. backgrounds Her books include Affirming Diversity The Sociopolitical Context of Multicultural Education The Light. in Their Eyes Creating Multicultural Learning Communities Puerto Rican Students in U S Schools and What Keeps. Teachers Going and she has published dozens of book chapters and articles in such journals as Educational. Leadership The Harvard Educational Review Multicultural Education and Theory Into Practice She serves on several. national advisory boards that focus on educational equity and social justice including Facing History and. Ourselves FHAO and Educators for Social Responsibility ESR She has received numerous awards for scholar. ship advocacy and activism including the Outstanding Educator award from the National Council of Teachers of. English NCTE Nieto was an Annenberg Institute Senior Fellow and has received two honorary doctorates. Tonya Perry works at the University of Alabama at Birmingham as an instructor in secondary English language. arts grades 6 12 She taught middle school for 10 years and worked with high school students in various instruc. tional capacities Perry was awarded the Alabama State Teacher of the Year title in 2000 2001 and progressed to. one of the four finalists for National Teacher of the Year She has served on the National Council of Teachers of. English Executive Board as the Middle School Representative at Large and writes a column for English Journal a. National Council of Teachers of English NCTE periodical She is also a National Board certified teacher. Lead Content Advisors, Dale Allender is the Associate Executive Director of the National Council of Teachers of English NCTE He also. directs NCTE s West Coast office located on the campus of the University of California Berkeley where he teaches. coursework in multicultural literature at the Graduate School of Education Allender s scholarship includes work. in multicultural literature media literacy and cultural studies He serves on advisory boards for a variety of organ. izations including Media Rights The Independent Film Channel Film School project Scenarios the Anti. Defamation League and the Oakland Museum of California Allender has served as lead advisor or advisory board. member for several Annenberg CPB professional development workshops for English language arts educators. Beverly Ann Chin Ph D is Professor of English Director English Teaching Program and former Director. Montana Writing Project at the University of Montana Missoula She has served as President of the National. Council of Teachers of English NCTE board member of the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards. NBPTS and Secretary of the Conference on English Education CEE Currently she is Member at Large of the. Conference on English Leadership CEL and a member of the Assessment Advisory Committee of the Northwest. Regional Educational Laboratory NWREL A former high school English teacher Chin has written articles and. books on the teaching of reading and writing In addition she has edited and served as program advisor for sev. eral books on multicultural literature including Asian American Literature Native American Literature Hispanic. American Literature and African American Literature published by Glencoe McGraw Hill Chinese American. Literature published by Globe and Dictionary of Characters in Children s Literature published by Franklin Watts She. provided commentary for the Annenberg CPB workshop The Expanding Canon Teaching Multicultural Literature in. High School A frequent keynote speaker and workshop presenter Chin travels nationally and internationally to. work with educators and students on English language arts standards curriculum instruction and assessment. She has received numerous awards for her teaching and service. Introduction 8 Teaching Multicultural Literature,About the Contributors cont d. Advisory Board,Kylene Beers Ed D Valerie Kinloch Ph D. Senior Reading Researcher School Development Assistant Professor of English Education Teachers. Program Yale University College Columbia University. Editor Voices From the Middle,Amanda Lifschultz, Maisha Tulivu Fisher Ph D Teacher East Side Middle School New York N Y.
Assistant Professor Division of Educational Studies. Emory University Pat Mora,Nina L Floro, Professor of English Skyline College Michael Pavel Ph D. Associate Professor Department of Educational, Paula J Hale Ed D Leadership and Counseling Psychology College of. Field Director Southern Pueblos Nevado Education Washington State University. North Dakota Save the Children Federation,Tonya Perry. Violet Harris Ph D Instructor University of Alabama at Birmingham. Professor and Head Curriculum and Instruction,University of Illinois Cheryl Wilson. Teacher Louis Armstrong Middle School East,Nicol s Kanellos Ph D Elmhurst N Y.
Brown Foundation Professor of Spanish University of. Director Arte P blico Press,Teaching Multicultural Literature 9 Introduction. Introduction 10 Teaching Multicultural Literature,.


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