Cosmetic Dermatology,Products and Procedures,Dermatology. Products and Procedures,Zoe Diana Draelos MD,Consulting Professor. Department of Dermatology,Duke University School of Medicine. Durham North Carolina,Second Edition,This edition first published 2016. 2016 by John Wiley Sons Ltd,2010 by Blackwell Publishing Ltd. Registered office John Wiley Sons Ltd The Atrium Southern Gate Chichester West Sussex PO19 8SQ UK. Editorial offices 9600 Garsington Road Oxford OX4 2DQ UK. The Atrium Southern Gate Chichester West Sussex PO19 8SQ UK. 111 River Street Hoboken NJ 07030 5774 USA, For details of our global editorial offices for customer services and for information about how to apply for permission to reuse the. copyright material in this book please see our website at www wiley com wiley blackwell. 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I Draelos Zoe Kececioglu editor II Title, DNLM 1 Cosmetics 2 Dermatologic Agents 3 Cosmetic Techniques 4 Dermatologic Surgical Procedures. 5 Skin Care methods QV 60,646 7 2 dc23,2015030110, A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library. Wiley also publishes its books in a variety of electronic formats Some content that appears in print may not be available in electronic. Cover images background Getty Images Ian Hooton SPL middle Getty Images Renee Keith. Set in 9 5 12pt Minion Pro by Aptara Inc New Delhi India. Contributors viii 10 Personal Cleansers Body Washes 96. Foreword xii Keith Ertel and Heather Focht, Preface xiii 11 Facial Cleansers and Cleansing Cloths 103. Thomas Barlage Susan Griffiths Brophy and Erik J,Hasenoehrl. Part I Basic Concepts 1,12 Hand Cleansers and Sanitizers 110. Section 1 Skin Physiology Pertinent to Cosmetic Duane Charbonneau. Dermatology 3 13 Shampoos for Normal Scalp Hygiene and Dandruff 124. 1 Epidermal Barrier 3,James R Schwartz Eric S Johnson and Thomas L. Sreekumar Pillai Megan Manco and Christian Oresajo Dawson Jr. 2 Photoaging 13 Section 2 Moisturizers 132,Kira Minkis Jillian Havey Swary and Murad Alam. 14 Facial Moisturizers 132,3 Pigmentation and Skin of Color 23 Yohini Appa. Jasmine C Hollinger Chesahna Kindred and Rebat M,Halder 15 Hand and Foot Moisturizers 139. Teresa M Weber Andrea M Schoelermann Ute, 4 Sensitive Skin and the Somatosensory System 33 Breitenbach Ulrich Scherdin and Alexandra Kowcz. Francis McGlone and David Reilly,16 Sunless Tanning Products 148. 5 Novel Compelling Non invasive Techniques for Angelike Galdi Peter Foltis and Christian Oresajo. Evaluating Cosmetic Products 42, Thomas J Stephens Christian Oresajo Lily I Jiang and 17 Sunscreens 153. Robert Goodman Dominique Moyal Angelike Galdi and Christian Oresajo. 6 Contact Dermatitis and Topical Agents 52 Section 3 Personal Care Products 160. David E Cohen Alexandra Price and Sarika, Ramachandran 18 Antiperspirants and Deodorants 160. Eric S Abrutyn, Section 2 Delivery of Cosmetic Skin Actives 65 19 Blade Shaving 166. 7 Percutaneous Delivery of Cosmetic Actives to,Kevin Cowley Kristina Vanoosthuyze Gillian McFeat. the Skin 65 and Keith Ertel, Sreekumar Pillai Surabhi Singh and Christian Oresajo. 8 Creams and Ointments 75 Part III Adornment 175,Irwin Palefsky. Section 1 Colored Facial Cosmetics 175,20 Facial Foundation 177. Part II Hygiene Products 81,Sylvie Guichard and V ronique Roulier. Section 1 Cleansers 83 21 Camouflage Techniques 186. Anne Bouloc,9 Bar Cleansers 83, Anthony W Johnson K P Ananthapadmanabhan Stacy 22 Lips and Lipsticks 193. Hawkins and Greg Nole Catherine Heus le Herv Cantin and Fr d ric Bont. vi Contents, 23 Eye Cosmetics 199 39 The Contribution of Dietary Nutrients and Supplements. Sarah A Vickery Robyn Kolas and Fatima Dicko to Skin Health 357. Helen Knaggs Steve Wood Doug Burke Jan Lephart and. Section 2 Nail Cosmetics 207 Jin Namkoong,24 Nail Physiology and Grooming 207. Section 2 Injectable Anti aging Techniques 364,Anna Hare and Phoebe Rich. 40 Botulinum Toxins 364,25 Colored Nail Cosmetics and Hardeners 217. J Daniel Jensen Scott R Freeman and Joel L Cohen,Paul H Bryson and Sunil J Sirdesai. 41 Hyaluronic Acid Fillers 375, 26 Cosmetic Prostheses as Artificial Nail Enhancements 226. Mark S Nestor Emily L Kollmann and Nicole Swenson,Douglas Schoon. 42 Calcium Hydroxylapatite for Soft Tissue,Section 3 Hair Cosmetics 234 Augmentation 380. Stephen Mandy,27 Hair Physiology and Grooming 234, Maria Hordinsky Ana Paula Avancini Caramori and Jeff 43 Autologous Skin Fillers 385. C Donovan Amer H Nassar Andrew S Dorizas and Neil S Sadick. 28 Hair Dyes 239 44 Polylactic Acid Fillers 390, Rene C Rust and Harald Schlatter Kenneth R Beer and Jacob Beer. 29 Permanent Hair Waving 251,Section 3 Resurfacing Techniques 395. Annette Schwan Jonczyk Gerhard Sendelbach Andreas, Flohr and Rene C Rust 45 Superficial Chemical Peels 395. M Amanda Jacobs and Randall Roenigk,30 Hair Straightening 262. Harold Bryant Felicia Dixon Angela Ellington and 46 Medium Depth Chemical Peels 402. Crystal Porter Gary D Monheit and Virginia A Koubek. 31 Hair Styling Technology and Formulations 270 47 CO2 Laser Resurfacing Confluent and Fractionated 412. Thomas Krause and Rene C Rust Mitchel P Goldman and Ana Marie Liolios. 48 Nonablative Lasers 429,Adam S Nabatian and David J Goldberg. Part IV Anti aging 281,49 Dermabrasion 437, Section 1 Cosmeceuticals 283 Christopher B Harmon and Daniel P Skinner. 32 Botanicals 283 Section 4 Skin Modulation Techniques 445. Carl R Thornfeldt,50 Laser assisted Hair Removal 445. 33 Antioxidants and Anti inflammatories 295 Keyvan Nouri Voraphol Vejjabhinanta Nidhi Avashia. Bryan B Fuller and Jinda Rojanamatin, 34 Peptides and Proteins 308 51 Radiofrequency Devices 451. Karl Lintner Vic Narurkar, 35 Cellular Growth Factors 318 52 LED Photomodulation for Reversal of Photoaging and. Rahul C Mehta and Richard E Fitzpatrick Reduction of Inflammation 456. 36 Topical Cosmeceutical Retinoids 325 David McDaniel Robert Weiss Roy Geronemus Corinne. Olivier Sorg G rkan Kaya and Jean H Saurat Granger and Leila Kanoun Copy. 37 Topical Vitamins 336 Section 5 Skin Contouring Techniques 463. Donald L Bissett John E Oblong and Laura J Goodman. 53 Liposuction Manual Mechanical and Laser,38 Clinical Uses of Hydroxyacids 346 Assisted 463. Barbara A Green Eugene J Van Scott and Ruey J Yu Anne Goldsberry Emily Tierney and C William Hanke. Contents vii, 54 Liposuction of the Neck 476 58 Rosacea Regimens 509. Kimberly J Butterwick Joseph Bikowski, 55 Hand Recontouring with Calcium Hydroxylapatite 485 59 Eczema Regimens 517. Kenneth L Edelson Zoe D Draelos,60 Psoriasis Regimens 522. Section 6 Implementation of Cosmetic Dermatology,Laura F Sandoval Karen E Huang and Steven. into Therapeutics 492,56 Anti aging Regimens 492,Karen E Burke. 57 Over the counter Acne Treatments 501,Emmy M Graber and Diane Thiboutot. Contributors,Eric S Abrutyn Kimberly J Butterwick, TPC2 Advisors Inc Boquete Chiriqui Republic of Panama Cosmetic Laser Dermatology San Diego CA USA. Murad Alam Herv Cantin, Feinberg School of Medicine Northwestern University Chicago IL USA LVMH Recherche Saint Jean de Braye France. K P Ananthapadmanabhan Ana Paula Avancini Caramori. Unilever HPC R D Trumbull CT USA Department of Dermatology Complexo Hospitalar Santa Casa de Porto Alegre. Porto Alegre Brazil,Yohini Appa, Johnson Johnson New Brunswick NJ USA Duane Charbonneau. Procter and Gamble Company Health Sciences Institute Mason OH USA. Nidhi Avashia, Boston University School of Medicine Boston MA USA David E Cohen. The Ronald O Perelman Department of Dermatology New York University. Thomas Barlage School of Medicine New York NY USA, Procter Gamble Company Sharon Woods Technical Center. Cincinnati OH USA Joel L Cohen, AboutSkin Dermatology and DermSurgery Englewood and Department of. Jacob Beer Dermatology University of Colorado at Denver Aurora CO USA. Department of Dermatology University of Pennsylvania PA USA. Kevin Cowley, Kenneth R Beer Gillette Innovation Centre Reading UK. General Surgical and Esthetic Dermatology West Palm Beach FL USA. Thomas L Dawson Jr, Joseph Bikowski Agency for Science Technology and Research A STAR Institute for. Bikowski Skin Care Center Sewickley PA USA Medical Biology Singapore. Donald L Bissett Fatima Dicko, Procter Gamble Beauty Science The Procter Gamble Co Sharon Woods Procter Gamble Cosmetics Hunt Valley MD USA. Innovation Center Cincinnati OH USA,Felicia Dixon, Fr d ric Bont L Or al Institute for Ethnic Hair and Skin Research Chicago IL USA. LVMH Recherche Saint Jean de Braye France,Jeff C Donovan. Anne Bouloc Division of Dermatology University of Toronto Toronto Canada. Vichy Laboratoires Cosm tique Active International Asni res France. Andrew S Dorizas, Ute Breitenbach Sadick Dermatology New York NY USA. Beiersdorf AG Hamburg Germany,Kenneth L Edelson, Harold Bryant Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai and Private Practice New York NY USA. L Or al Institute for Ethnic Hair and Skin Research Chicago IL USA. Angela Ellington, Paul H Bryson L Or al Institute for Ethnic Hair and Skin Research Chicago IL USA. OPI Products Inc Los Angeles CA USA,Keith Ertel,Doug Burke Procter Gamble Co Cincinnati OH USA. Nu Skin and Pharmanex Global Research and Development Provo UT USA. Steven R Feldman, Karen E Burke Center for Dermatology Research Wake Forest University School of Medicine. The Mount Sinai Medical Center New York NY USA Winston Salem NC USA. Contributors ix,Richard E Fitzpatrick deceased C William Hanke. Department of Dermatology UCSD School of Medicine San Diego CA USA Laser and Skin Surgery Center of Indiana Carmel IN USA. Andreas Flohr Anna Hare, Wella Procter Gamble Service GmbH Darmstadt Germany Emory School of Medicine Atlanta GA USA. Heather Focht Christopher B Harmon, Procter Gamble Co Cincinnati OH USA Surgical Dermatology Group Birmingham AL USA. Peter Foltis Erik J Hasenoehrl, L Or al Research Clark NJ USA Procter Gamble Company Ivorydale Technical Center Cincinnati OH USA. Scott R Freeman Jillian Havey Swary, Sunrise Dermatology Mobile AL USA Feinberg School of Medicine Northwestern University Chicago IL USA. Bryan B Fuller Stacy Hawkins, DermaMedics LLC Oklahoma City OK USA Unilever HPC R D Trumbull CT USA. Angelike Galdi Catherine Heus le, L Or al Research and Innovation Clark NJ USA LVMH Recherche Saint Jean de Braye France. Roy Geronemus Jasmine C Hollinger, Maryland Laser Skin and Vein Institute Hunt Valley MD and Johns Hopkins Howard University College of Medicine Washington DC USA. University School of Medicine Baltimore MD USA,Maria Hordinsky. David J Goldberg Department of Dermatology University of Minnesota Minneapolis MN USA. Mount Sinai School of Medicine New York NY and Skin Laser and Surgery. Specialists of New York and New Jersey USA,Karen E Huang. Center for Dermatology Research Wake Forest University School of Medicine. Mitchel P Goldman Winston Salem NC USA, Cosmetic Laser Dermatology and Volunteer Clinical Professor of Dermatology at the. University of California San Diego CA USA,M Amanda Jacobs. Division of Dermatology Geisinger Health Systems Danville PA USA. Anne Goldsberry, Laser and Skin Surgery Center of Indiana Carmel IN USA. J Daniel Jensen, Scripps Clinic Bighorn Mohs Surgery and Dermatology Center La Jolla CA USA. Laura J Goodman, Procter Gamble Beauty Science The Procter Gamble Co Sharon Woods Lily I Jiang. Innovation Center Cincinnati OH USA Thomas J Stephens Associates Inc Texas Research Center Richardson. Robert Goodman, Thomas J Stephens Associates Inc Texas Research Center Carrollton TX USA Anthony W Johnson. Unilever HPC R D Trumbull CT USA,Emmy M Graber, Boston University School of Medicine Boston MA USA Eric S Johnson. Procter Gamble Beauty Science Cincinnati OH USA,Corinne Granger. Director of Instrumental Cosmetics L Oreal Research Asnieres France Leila Kanoun Copy. L Or al Research Chevilly Larue France,Barbara A Green. NeoStrata Company Inc Princeton NJ USA G rkan Kaya. Department of Dermatology Geneva University Hospital Geneva Switzerland. Susan Griffiths Brophy, Procter Gamble Company Sharon Woods Technical Center Cincinnati Chesahna Kindred. OH USA Howard University College of Medicine Washington DC USA. Sylvie Guichard Helen Knaggs, L Or al Research Chevilly Larue France Nu Skin and Pharmanex Global Research and Development Provo UT USA. Rebat M Halder Robyn Kolas, Howard University College of Medicine Washington DC USA Procter Gamble Cosmetics Hunt Valley MD USA. x Contributors,Emily L Kollmann Amer H Nassar, Center for Clinical and Cosmetic Research Aventura FL USA Sadick Dermatology New York NY USA. Virginia A Koubek Mark S Nestor, Total Skin and Beauty Dermatology Center PC and Departments of Dermatology Center for Clinical and Cosmetic Research Aventura FL USA. and Ophthalmology University of Alabama Birmingham AL USA. Alexandra Kowcz Unilever HPC R D Trumbull CT USA,Beiersdorf Inc Wilton CT USA. Keyvan Nouri, Thomas Krause University of Miami Miller School of Medicine Miami FL USA. Wella Procter Gamble Service GmbH Darmstadt Germany. John E Oblong, Jan Lephart Procter Gamble Beauty Science The Procter Gamble Co Sharon Woods. Nu Skin and Pharmanex Global Research and Development Provo UT USA Innovation Center Cincinnati OH USA. Karl Lintner Christian Oresajo, KAL IDEES SAS Paris France L Or al Research Clark NJ USA. Ana Marie Liolios Irwin Palefsky, Private Practice Fairway Kansas MO USA Cosmetech Laboratories Inc Fairfield NJ USA. Megan Manco Sreekumar Pillai, L Or al Recherche Clark NJ USA L Or al Research Clark NJ USA. Stephen Mandy Crystal Porter, Volunteer Professor of Dermatology University of Miami Miami FL and Private L Or al Institute for Ethnic Hair and Skin Research Chicago IL USA. Practice Miami Beach FL USA,Alexandra Price, David McDaniel The Ronald O Perelman Department of Dermatology New York University School of. McDaniel Institute of Anti Aging Research Virginia Beach VA Eastern Virginia. Medicine New York NY USA, Medical School Norfolk VA and Old Dominion University Norfolk VA USA. Sarika Ramachandran, Gillian McFeat The Ronald O Perelman Department of Dermatology New York University School of. Gillette Innovation Centre Reading UK,Medicine New York NY USA. Francis McGlone, School of Natural Sciences and Psychology Liverpool John Moores University. David Reilly, Unilever Research Colworth Science Park Sharnbrook Bedford UK. Liverpool UK,Rahul C Mehta Phoebe Rich, Oregon Health and Science University Portland OR USA. SkinMedica Inc An Allergan Company Carlsbad CA USA. Kira Minkis Randall Roenigk, Department of Dermatology Weill Cornell Medical College New York NY USA Department of Dermatology Mayo Clinic Rochester MN USA. Gary D Monheit Jinda Rojanamatin, Total Skin and Beauty Dermatology Center PC and Departments of Dermatology Institute of Dermatology Bangkok Thailand. and Ophthalmology University of Alabama Birmingham AL USA. V ronique Roulier, Dominique Moyal L Or al Research Chevilly Larue France. La Roche Posay Laboratoire Dermatologique Asni res sur Seine France. Rene C Rust, Adam S Nabatian GSK Stiefel Brentford Middlesex UK. Albert Einstein College of Medicine Bronx NY USA,Neil S Sadick. Jin Namkoong Sadick Dermatology New York NY and Department of Dermatology Weill Medical. Nu Skin and Pharmanex Global Research and Development Provo UT USA College of Cornell University New York NY USA. Vic Narurkar Laura F Sandoval, Bay Area Laser Institute San Francisco CA and University of California Davis Center for Dermatology Research Wake Forest University School of Medicine. Medical School Sacramento CA USA Winston Salem NC USA. Contributors xi,Jean H Saurat Nicole Swenson, Swiss Centre for Applied Human Toxicology University of Geneva Geneva Switzerland Center for Clinical and Cosmetic Research Aventura FL USA. Ulrich Scherdin Diane Thiboutot, Beiersdorf AG Hamburg Germany Private Practice Boston MA USA. Harald Schlatter Carl R Thornfeldt, Procter Gamble German Innovation Centre Schwalbach am Taunus Germany Episciences Inc Boise ID USA. Andrea M Schoelermann Emily Tierney, Beiersdorf AG Hamburg Germany Department of Dermatology Tufts University School of Medicine Boston. Douglas Schoon, Schoon Scientific and Regulatory Consulting Dana Point CA USA Eugene J Van Scott. Private Practice Abington PA USA,Annette Schwan Jonczyk. Private Practice Darmstadt Germany Kristina Vanoosthuyze. Gillette Innovation Centre Reading UK,James R Schwartz. Procter Gamble Beauty Science Cincinnati OH USA Voraphol Vejjabhinanta. Institute of Dermatology Bangkok Thailand,Gerhard Sendelbach. Darmstadt Germany Sarah A Vickery,Procter Gamble Cosmetics Hunt Valley MD USA. Surabhi Singh,L Or al Research Clark NJ USA Teresa M Weber. Beiersdorf Inc Wilton CT USA,Sunil J Sirdesai,OPI Products Inc Los Angeles CA USA Robert Weiss. Maryland Laser Skin and Vein Institute Hunt Valley MD and Johns Hopkins. University School of Medicine Baltimore MD USA,Daniel P Skinner. Surgical Dermatology Group Birmingham AL USA,Steve Wood. Nu Skin and Pharmanex Global Research and Development Provo UT USA. Olivier Sorg, Swiss Centre for Applied Human Toxicology University of Geneva Geneva Switzerland. Private Practice Chalfont PA USA,Thomas J Stephens. Thomas J Stephens Associates Inc Texas Research Center Carrollton TX USA. Dermatology began as a medical specialty but over the last half subject she has included all the essential topics of skin health. century it has evolved to combine medical and surgical aspects The concept is one that has been long awaited and will be. of skin care Mohs skin cancer surgery was the catalyst that embraced by our dermatologic colleagues and other health care. propelled dermatology to become a more procedurally based professionals who participate in the diagnosis and treatment of. specialty The combination of an aging population economic the skin. prosperity and technological breakthroughs has revolutionized No one is better suited to edit a textbook of this scope than. cosmetic aspects of dermatology in the past few years Recent Dr Zoe Draelos She is an international authority on Cosmetic. minimally invasive approaches have enhanced our ability to Dermatology and she has been instrumental in advancing the. prevent and reverse the signs of photoaging in our patients field of cosmeceuticals by her extensive research writing and. Dermatologists have pioneered medications technologies and teachings This text brings together experts from industry man. devices in the burgeoning field of cosmetic surgery Cutaneous ufacturing research and dermatology and highlights the best. lasers light and energy sources the use of botulinum exotoxin from each of these fields. soft tissue augmentation minimally invasive leg vein treat Dr Draelos has divided the book into four different segments. ments chemical peels hair transplants and dilute anesthesia The book opens with Basic Concepts which includes physiology. liposuction have all been either developed or improved by der pertinent to cosmetic dermatology and delivery of cosmetic skin. matologists Many scientific papers reviews and textbooks have actives This section is followed by Hygiene Products which include. been published to help disseminate this new knowledge cleansers moisturizers and personal care products The section on. Recently it has become abundantly clear that unless photoag Adornment includes colored facial products nail cosmetics and. ing is treated with effective skin care and photoprotection cos hair cosmetics The book concludes with a section on Anti aging. metic surgical procedures will not have their optimal outcome which includes cosmeceuticals injectable anti aging techniques. Cosmeceuticals are integral to this process but while some rig resurfacing techniques and skin modulation techniques. orous studies exist much of the knowledge surrounding cosme You will enjoy dipping into individual chapters or sections. ceuticals is hearsay and non data based marketing information depending on your desires but a full read of the book from start. Given increasing requests by our patients for guidance on the to finish will no doubt enhance your knowledge base and pre. use of cosmeceuticals understanding this body of information pare you for the full spectrum of cosmetic dermatology patients. is essential to the practicing dermatologist Enjoy. In Cosmetic Dermatology Products and Procedures Zoe. Draelos has compiled a truly comprehensive book that addresses Jeffrey S Dover. the broad nature of the subspecialty Unlike prior texts on the August 2009. Who better to author and edit a textbook on cosmeceuticals t reasure trove of information on the subject without which any. than Zoe Draelos She is the recognized leader in the field hav one interested in the topic would be sorely lacking. ing done most of the premier studies and written many of the Use it as a reference text dip into chapters or sections from. definitive articles on the topic over the last decades time to time or if you really want to know this subject read it. In her first edition Dr Draelos set the standard for compre from cover to cover. hensive texts on the subject of cosmeceuticals With this sec Enjoy and treasure this work. ond edition she has raised the bar even further producing a Jeffrey S Dover. near encyclopedic comprehensive tome on the subject It is a Boston April 2015. This text is intended to function as a compendium on the field Extensions of moisturizers that contain other active ingredients. of cosmetic dermatology Cosmetic dermatology knowledge include sunscreens Other products with a unique hygiene pur. draws on the insight of the bench researcher the innovation pose include antiperspirants and shaving products This com. of the manufacturer the formulation expertise of the cosmetic pletes the list of major products used to hygiene and skincare. chemist the art of the dermatologic surgeon and the experience purposes. of the clinical dermatologist These knowledge bases heretofore The book then turns to colored products for adorning the. have been presented in separate textbooks written for specific body These include colored facial cosmetics namely facial. audiences This approach to information archival does not pro foundations lipsticks and eye cosmetics It is the artistic use of. vide for the synthesis of knowledge required to advance the sci these cosmetics that can provide camouflaging for skin abnor. ence of cosmetic dermatology malities of contour and color Adornment can also be applied. The book begins with a discussion of basic concepts relat to the nails in the forms of nail cosmetics and prostheses and. ing to skin physiology The areas of skin physiology that are to the hair in the form of hair dyes permanent waves and hair. relevant to cosmetic dermatology include skin barrier photo straightening. aging sensitive skin pigmentation issues and sensory percep From adornment the book addresses the burgeoning cat. tions All cosmetic products impact the skin barrier it is to be egory of cosmeceuticals Cosmeceuticals can be divided into. hoped in a positive manner to improve skin health Failure of the broad categories of botanicals antioxidants anti inflamma. the skin to function optimally results in photoaging sensitive tories peptides and proteins cellular growth factors retinoids. skin and pigmentation abnormalities Damage to the skin is exfoliants and nutraceuticals These agents aim to improve. ultimately perceived as sensory anomalies Skin damage can the appearance of aging skin through topical applications but. be accelerated by products that induce contact dermatitis injectable products for rejuvenation are an equally important. While the dermatologist can assess skin health visually non category in cosmetic dermatology Injectables can be catego. invasive methods are valuable to confirm observations or to rized as neurotoxins and fillers hyaluronic acid hydroxyapatite. detect slight changes in skin health that are imperceptible to collagen and polylactic acid. the human eye Finally the surgical area of cosmetic dermatology must be. An important part of cosmetic dermatology products is the addressed in terms of resurfacing techniques skin modula. manner in which they are presented to the skin surface Deliv tion techniques and skin contouring techniques Resurfacing. ery systems are key to product efficacy and include creams oint can be accomplished chemically with superficial and medium. ments aerosols powders and nanoparticles Once delivered to depth chemical peels or physically with microdermabrasion and. the skin surface those substances designed to modify the skin dermabrasion The newest area of resurfacing involves the use of. must penetrate with aid of penetration enhancers to ensure per lasers both ablative and nonablative Other rejuvenative devices. cutaneous delivery affecting collagen and pigmentation include intense pulsed light. The most useful manner to evaluate products used in cos radiofrequency and diodes These techniques can be combined. metic dermatology is by category The book is organized by with liposuction of the body and face to recontour the adipose. product based on the order in which they are used as part of tissue underlying the skin. a daily routine The first daily activity is cleansing to ensure The book closes with a discussion of how cosmetic derma. proper hygiene A variety of cleansers are available to maintain tology can be implemented as part of a treatment regimen. the biofilm to include bars liquids non foaming and antibac for aging skin acne rosacea psoriasis and eczema In order. terial varieties They can be applied with the hands or with the to allow effective synthesis of the wide range of information. aid of an implement Specialized products to cleanse the hair are included in this text each chapter has been organized with a. shampoos which may be useful in prevention of scalp disease template to create a standardized presentation The chapters. Following cleansing the next step is typically moisturiza open with basic concepts pertinent to each area From these key. tion There are unique moisturizers for the face hands and feet points the authors have developed their information to define.
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By Giwa Oluwamodupe Emmanuel, Onileke Francisca Omolara & Oyetayo Adedayo Michael . Rufus Giwa Polytechnic, Owo, Ondo State, Nigeria . Keywords : Microbial Load, Organoleptic Properties, Shelf Life. Effect ofCurry Spice Murraya koenigii on the Shelflife of Cookies Biscuit Produce from Sorghum Flour Blends with Wheat Flour
philosophy, the strategy and plan of action are expected to pave the way for the existing manufacturers to progress along the value chain and attract new foreign direct investment (FDI) by R&D-based multinational pharmaceutical companies. Ethiopia is best suited to attract FDI in the pharmaceutical industry due to the presence
1, 2 and 4) or writing answers (Part 3) on an answer sheet. Candidates record their answers on the question paper as they listen. They are then given six minutes at the end of the test to copy these on to the answer sheet. Recording Information Each text is heard twice. Recordings will contain a variety of
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