'Hail to the Redskins' was the fight song of the Washington Redskins, an American football team belonging to the National Football League (NFL) and now known as the Washington Football Team. The song was performed after the team scored touchdowns from the 1938 season until 2019. The music was composed by the team's band leader, Barnee Breeskin, and the lyrics were written by Corinne Griffith, the wife of Washington founder and owner George Preston Marshall.
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In 1937, Marshall moved the team from Boston to Washington. With this move and the introduction of his team to the nation's capital, Marshall commissioned a 110-member band to provide the new fans with the 'pomp and circumstance' and 'pageantry' of a public victory parade. Marshall stated that he wanted his team and their games to emulate the spectacle of the Roman Gladiators at the Coliseum. He also wanted to incorporate elements of the college football experience into the pro game. He outfitted the band with $25,000 worth of uniforms and instruments and asked the band leader, Barnee Breeskin, to compose a fight song worthy of such a team of gladiators and warriors.
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The original lyrics were written to reflect the Native American warrior imagery of the team as the 'Redskins.' The lyrics were later reworked to be less offensive to contemporary sensibilities, although the Redskins name became increasingly criticized as a racial slur (explaining the 2020 name change to Washington Football Team). Nonetheless, the fight song is one of the oldest football fight songs in all of American professional football.
'Hail to the Redskins' is the second oldest fight song for a professional American football team; the oldest fight song is 'Go! You Packers! Go!', composed in 1931. During the 1938 season Washington played their new fight song for fans in attendance at the games as they played the Philadelphia Eagles, the Brooklyn Dodgers, the Cleveland Rams, the New York Giants, the Detroit Lions, and the Chicago Bears football teams.
In 1974, Washington, D.C. singer Beryl Middleton recorded 'Hail to the Redskins', backed up by members of the team's singers. Barnee Breeskin declared this the finest recording of his song.
The most widely recognized recording, which as of 2015 was still in use at Washington home games, features the Redskin Show Orchestra and the team's singers. The music was arranged and conducted by the orchestra's longtime leader Sam 'Sammy' Shreiber, the team's singers were directed by Don Lichty and William 'Billy' Ball and it was recorded at JRB Sound Studios in Washington, D.C.. Some 45 rpm copies were released with a gold label and incorrectly spelled 'Shreiber' as 'Streiber' on both the A and B sides.
Hail to the Redskins!
Braves on the Warpath!
Fight for old D.C.!
Run or pass and score—We want a lot more!
Beat 'em, Swamp 'em,
Touchdown! -- Let the points soar!
Fight on, fight on 'Til you have won
Sons of Wash-ing-ton. Rah!, Rah!, Rah!
Hail to the Redskins!
Braves on the Warpath!
Fight for old D.C.!
Changes to lyrics, performance
The song's original first stanza is often mistakenly thought to have ended with the line 'Fight for old Dixie', but in fact this line was only used between 1959 and 1961, as a glance at contemporary game day programs will verify. Each of these programs printed the lyrics, and 'Old D.C.' can be seen in all years except 1959 through 1961. This phrase then returned to 'Fight for ol' D.C.!'
Several other lines found in the original were, however, altered. The original version included lines referring to the practice of scalping and featuring non-standard grammar, apparently in imitation of Native American speech:
Scalp ’em, swamp ‘um
We will take ‘um big score
Read ‘um, Weep ‘um,
Touchdown! — We want heap more
The early arrangements of the song also closed to the opening of the well known southern folk song, 'Dixie' played as a counter-melody. In July 1965, a black Washington fan wrote to the owner of the team, describing the racial unrest that Dixie caused and asking for it to be stopped. According to an article in The Washington Afro-American of October 23, 1965, Dixie was no longer played as a counter-melody starting that year.
Dallas Cowboys incident
The Redskins played south of the Mason-Dixon line and as there were no established NFL teams in the Southern United States until the 1960s, Marshall aggressively marketed his franchise as the South's team and built a significant fan base there. He would recruit players from Southern schools, feature Southern bands at halftime, and sign contracts to feature the team on Southern radio networks and television networks.
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When the NFL began considering expansion to Texas, Marshall strongly opposed the move, as it would threaten what had been essentially a three-decade monopoly in the South. Potential owner Clint Murchison, who was trying to bring the NFL back to Dallas, bought the rights to 'Hail to the Redskins' from a disgruntled Breeskin and threatened to prevent Marshall from playing it at games. Marshall agreed to back Murchison's bid, Murchison gave him back the rights to the song, and the Dallas Cowboys were born.
The LG Twins of the Korea Baseball Organization use the tune of 'Hail to the Redskins' in their own fight song.
- ^Mooshil, Maria (2006-12-01). '10 more things to know about Bears fight song'. Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2013-04-09.
- ^'The Redskins Blog'. Blog.redskins.com. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
- ^King, C.Richard (2016). Redskins: Insult and Brand. U of Nebraska Press. p. 37. ISBN978-0803288454.
- ^O'Toole, Andrew (November 2016). Fight for old DC : George Preston Marshall, the integration of the Washington Redskins, and the rise of a new NFL. p. Chapter 5. ISBN978-0803299467.
- ^Richman, Michael (2009). The Redskins Encyclopedia. Temple University Press. p. 18. ISBN978-1592135448.
- ^video of letter
- ^Garnett, Bernard (23 October 1965). 'The Afro American - Google News Archive Search'. The Afro American. p. 5.
- ^Loverro, Thom (25 August 2006). Hail Victory: An Oral History of the Washington Redskins. John Wiley & Sons. p. 37. ISBN9780471725107.
- ^Richman, Michael (21 August 2009). The Redskins Encyclopedia. Temple University Press. p. 45. ISBN9781592135448.
- ^Thomas, Evan (4 December 2012). The Man to See. Simon and Schuster. p. 168. ISBN9781439127964.
- ^'Washington Redskins Team History | Pro Football Hall of Fame Official Site'. www.profootballhof.com.
- ^'ESPN.com – Page2 – A rivalry for a song ... and chicken feed'. Espn.go.com. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
- ^'LG Twins Fight Song'. YouTube.com. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
Retrieved from 'https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hail_to_the_Redskins&oldid=993694497'
|Run All Night|
|Directed by||Jaume Collet-Serra|
- Michael Tadross
- Brooklyn Weaver
|Written by||Brad Ingelsby|
|Music by||Junkie XL|
|Edited by||Dirk Westervelt|
|Distributed by||Warner Bros. Pictures|
- March 9, 2015 (New York City)
- March 13, 2015 (United States)
|Box office||$71.6 million|
Run All Night is a 2015 American action thriller film directed by Jaume Collet-Serra and written by Brad Ingelsby. The film stars Liam Neeson, Joel Kinnaman, Common, and Ed Harris and follows an ex-hitman who goes on the run with his estranged adult son after he is forced to kill the son of a mafia boss. It also marks the third collaboration between Liam Neeson and Jaume Collet-Serra after Unknown and Non-Stop.
It was released in the United States on March 13, 2015, received mixed reviews from critics and grossed $71 million worldwide.
Haunted by his past, former Irish mob enforcer Jimmy 'The Gravedigger' Conlon has become an angry drunk. His son Michael 'Mike' Conlon, a chauffeur and retired professional boxer who mentors at-risk kids at the local gym, is disgusted by his father's actions and refuses to call him 'Dad' or involve him in the lives of his daughters.
Jimmy's old boss and closest friend, Shawn Maguire, rejects an offer to allow the sale of Albanian heroin in his territory. The Albanians demand that Danny, Shawn's son, who took a large fee to arrange the deal, return their money now. Mike drives the two Albanian creditors to Danny's house. But Danny and his friend double cross and shoot the Albanians, one of whom is shot dead by Danny outside. This is witnessed by Mike and his mentee boxer, Legs, who captures the shooting on his phone. Danny spots Mike and attempts to kill him but he escapes. Danny does not notice Legs.
Jimmy requests Mike, at Shawn's behest, not to expose Danny but Mike refuses. As he is leaving, Jimmy spots Danny's car and goes inside to find him about to shoot Mike. Jimmy shoots Danny then calls Shawn to inform him of his son's death. Shawn sends two corrupt police officers to pick up Mike and kill him, but Jimmy rescues him and shoots one of the corrupt cops before taking Mike to his family.
Jimmy meets Shawn and tells him that it was Danny who was about to kill Mike, and that he might have to speak to the NYPD about his criminal past. Shawn says that the cops care nothing for Jimmy's information, and tells Jimmy he will kill Mike and his family in revenge, then let Jimmy die.
Jimmy sends Mike's family to a remote cabin and takes Mike with him to retrieve proof of his innocence, but Andrew Price, an assassin hired by Shawn, intercepts them first. Jimmy is able to subdue him, but is wounded in the fight. Jimmy later contacts Detective Harding, a cop who has not been able to prove Jimmy's role in a long list of homicides. Harding says that witnesses claim Mike was the shooter and not Danny. Jimmy makes a deal with Harding, he will prove Mike is innocent and then turn himself in with a list of all the people he murdered in his mob career.
The two hide at the house of Jimmy's brother Eddie. An incensed Eddie reveals that Jimmy is loyal only to Shawn — he once killed his own cousin to prevent him testifying against Shawn and will do the same to Mike. Disgusted and unwilling to trust his father, Mike returns to his family. Seeking to end the blood feud, Jimmy attacks Shawn's hideout and kills him and his gang. At the same time, Legs visits Harding with the video of the murder of the second Albanian and Harding has the ballistics on Danny's gun checked to confirm the video.
Mike arrives at the cabin and alerts the police to his location. Jimmy soon arrives, and Mike finally introduces him to his grandchildren. Price arrives and attacks the cabin, shooting Jimmy and then hunting down Mike and his family. Mike is cornered by Price, but Jimmy kills him. The police arrive and confirm Legs' evidence has cleared Mike just as Jimmy dies, holding the list of his past victims for Harding as promised.
In the epilogue, Mike is back working as a boxing trainer and chauffeur and living happily with his wife and daughters. He looks wistfully at a photo of himself and Jimmy from long ago before heading to work.
- Liam Neeson as Jimmy Conlon
- Joel Kinnaman as Mike Conlon
- Ed Harris as Shawn Maguire
- Common as Mr. Price
- Vincent D'Onofrio as Detective Harding
- Boyd Holbrook as Danny Maguire
- Bruce McGill as Pat Mullen
- Genesis Rodriguez as Gabriela Conlon
- Holt McCallany as Frank
- Malcolm Goodwin as Colston
- Beau Knapp as Kenan Boyle
- Lois Smith as Margaret Conlon, Jimmy's mother
- Aubrey Joseph as Curtis 'Legs' Banks
- Nick Nolte(Uncredited) as Eddie Conlon
In January 2012, Warner Bros. acquired Brad Ingelsby's script The All-Nighter for a six-figure sum. During the following November, Liam Neeson entered negotiations to star in the film and became a lock in January 2013. At this time, director Jaume Collet-Serra became attached to the film and the title was changed to Run All Night.
Principal photography began on October 3, 2013.
The musical score for Run All Night was composed by Junkie XL. Discussing the leitmotifs, Junkie XL said, 'I thought it was much more interesting to look at this movie from an emotional point of view instead of from an actioner point of view.' The score was recorded at the Eastwood Scoring Stage at Warner Bros. Studios, featuring a 70-piece string orchestra and a large low brass ensemble. A soundtrack album was released on March 10, 2015 through WaterTower Music.
Run Or Fight Soundtrack Fight
- String: violins, violas, violiocellos, double basses (70 players)
- Brass: 12 French Horns, 8 Trombones, bass trombones, cimbasso
Other songs featured in the film include:
- 'Christmas Auld Lang Syne' by Bobby Darin
- 'You Spin Me Round (Like a Record)' by Dope
- 'Nasty' by Nas
- 'No Way Out' by Dope
- 'Fairytale of New York' (feat. Kristy MacColl) by The Pogues
Run All Night grossed $26.5 million in North America and $45.1 million in other territories for a worldwide total of $71.6 million, against a budget of $50 million.
In its opening weekend, the film grossed $11 million, finishing second at the box office behind Cinderella ($70.1 million).
On the review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, the film has an approval rating of 58% based on 182 reviews, with a rating average of 5.7/10. The site's critical consensus reads, 'Liam Neeson is in typically fine form, but Run All Night suffers from a convoluted plot and workmanlike execution.' On Metacritic, which assigns a normalized rating, the film has a score of 59 out of 100, based on 34 critics, indicating 'mixed or average reviews'. According to CinemaScore, audiences gave the film a grade of 'A-' on an A+ to F scale.
Run Or Fight Soundtrack Movie
- ^'RUN ALL NIGHT (15)'. British Board of Film Classification. February 27, 2015. Retrieved February 28, 2015.
- ^'FILM TAX CREDIT – QUARTERLY REPORT CALENDAR YEAR 2015: FOURTH QUARTER DECEMBER 31, 2015'(PDF). Esd.ny.gov. Retrieved December 20, 2017.
- ^ abc'Run All Night (2015)'. Box Office Mojo. Retrieved August 19, 2017.
- ^Lavallee, Eric. 'Run All Night | Review - U.S. Indie News, Filmmaker Interviews, Film Festivals, Movie Reviews'. Ioncinema. Retrieved May 11, 2015.
- ^'What Was With That Bizarre Cameo In Run All Night?'. Cinemablend. Retrieved May 11, 2015.
- ^Fleming, Mike (January 10, 2012). 'Warner Bros Lands Brad Ingelsby Spec 'The All-Nighter''. Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
- ^Foreman, Liza (November 16, 2012). 'Liam Neeson in Negotiations for Crime Thriller 'The All Nighter' (Exclusive)'. TheWrap. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
- ^Fleming, Mike (January 17, 2013). 'Liam Neeson Locked To 'Run All Night;' Helmer Jaume Collet-Serra In Talks'. Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
- ^Goldberg, Matt (January 17, 2013). 'Liam Neeson Confirmed to Star in RUN ALL NIGHT; May Reunite with UNKNOWN Director Jaume Collet-Serra'. Collider. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
- ^'Production Begins on Run All Night, Starring Liam Neeson'. comingsoon.net. October 3, 2013. Retrieved October 4, 2013.
- ^'Run All Night Starring Liam Neeson Begins Production'. movieweb.com. October 3, 2013. Retrieved October 4, 2013.
- ^'Junkie XL to Score 'Run All Night''. Film Music Reporter. December 4, 2014. Retrieved December 14, 2014.
- ^Lincoln, Ross (March 14, 2015). ''Run All Night': Making Of The Soundtrack With Tom Holkenborg, AKA Junkie XL'. Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
- ^Goldwasser, Dan (March 13, 2015). 'Tom Holkenborg scores Run All Night'. ScoringSessions.com. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
- ^''Run All Night' Soundtrack Announced'. Film Music Reporter. February 12, 2015. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
- ^'Run All Night (2015) – Song Credits'. Soundtrack.net. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
- ^'Run All Night'. Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved February 14, 2018.
- ^'Run All Night reviews'. Metacritic. Retrieved March 18, 2015.
- ^'CinemaScore'. CinemaScore. Retrieved July 15, 2015.
Run Or Fight Soundtrack Torrent
- Run All Night on IMDb
- Run All Night at Box Office Mojo
- Run All Night at Rotten Tomatoes
- Run All Night at Metacritic
Retrieved from 'https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Run_All_Night_(film)&oldid=990858011'