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Executive summary 2,The growth of the Premier League 4. The economic contribution 6,From local to global 10. Supporting the wider game 14,Community initiatives 18. Introduction,This report explores the economic and. social contribution of the Premier League,and its Clubs to the UK It is an independent.
EY study which has been commissioned,by the Premier League The report focuses. largely on the 2016 17 season and includes,evidence of how the League s impacts have. evolved over time,The Premier League is the elite professional. league for English and Welsh football,consisting of 20 Clubs and 1 500 registered. professional players,Disclaimer, This Report was prepared by Ernst Young LLP for The Football Association Premier League Limited Premier League using information provided by.
the Premier League and other publicly available data. Ernst Young LLP does not accept or assume any responsibility in respect of the Report to any readers of the Report Third Parties other than the. Premier League To the fullest extent permitted by law Ernst Young LLP will accept no liability in respect of the Report to any Third Parties Should any. Third Parties choose to rely on the Report then they do so at their own risk. Ernst Young LLP has not been instructed by its client Premier League to respond to queries or requests for information from any Third Party and. Ernst Young LLP shall not respond to such queries or requests for information Further Ernst Young LLP is not instructed by the Premier League to. update the Report for subsequent events or additional work if any performed by Ernst Young LLP Accordingly without prejudice to the generality of. the foregoing Ernst Young LLP accepts no responsibility to any Third Party to update the Report for such matters. Ernst Young LLP reserves all rights in the Report,Premier League Economic and social impact 1. Premier League football,generates a wide,range of economic and. social returns,Since its inception in the,1992 93 season the. Premier League and its,Clubs the League have,achieved considerable success. establishing a strong global,reputation for high quality.
and entertaining football,This is evidenced by the. Premier League consistently,achieving the highest stadium. utilisation figures of any major,European League along. with substantial growth in,broadcasting revenue,2007 08 96 5 stadium. the last time the winning utilisation the highest,club retained the title rate in Europe.
the following season,43m people,520 000 watched the Premier. season ticket holders League on TV in the UK,One billion homes globally had access to. Premier League coverage,2 Premier League Economic and social impact. Economic benefits From local to global, The Premier League and its Clubs generate impacts in a variety The Premier League is a globally recognised brand built upon. of ways This ranges from the people they employ to the high quality football The League s global success feeds into. community work they undertake as well as the tourism activity its capacity to generate economic and social returns within. they encourage and platforms they provide to towns cities and the UK. business to engage with the rest of the world, The strength of the Premier League broadcast offering.
which is based on a committed global fanbase is key to its. success In turn the Premier League has become an active. member of the global community presenting political and. commercial opportunities for the UK,3 3bn 100 000 7 6bn. Taxes paid 1,Jobs supported GVA impact2,1 1bn 686 000. Broadcast International,exports 2016 visitors,Supporting the Community initiatives. wider game The Premier League delivers and supports a wide. range of community programmes that aim to promote, Premier League support for the wider game extends across improvements in schools and communities through sport. the football pyramid and communities in England and and education. Wales including all levels of the EFL and into non League Funding for these programmes has risen substantially as. and community football Parachute or solidarity payments the League has realised greater success This has provided. linked to Premier League broadcast revenues go to all 72 life changing opportunities to thousands of individuals. EFL clubs as well as further funding for their Academies In 2016 17 alone over 500 000 young people took part in. The Premier League supports the Football Foundation to Premier League funded programmes Community football. build community football facilities and the Football Stadia facilities delivered via the Football Foundation also saw. Improvement Fund which issues grants to clubs down to over one million people participate regularly. lower levels of the FA National League System,350m 92 747 150 15 442.
Financial support Academies across Artificial grass Football clubs Primary schools. provided to the the football pyramid pitches built for supported to engaged in. wider football are supported by community football deliver community 2017 185 through. pyramid the League s EPPP3 to date4 programmes Premier League. Primary Stars, Unless otherwise stated all statistics on both pages relate to 2016 17. Gross Value Added GVA is a measure of economic activity which can be viewed as the incremental contribution to Gross Domestic Product GDP It therefore provides a. useful measure for understanding the economic contribution made by particular industries or businesses such as the Premier League and its Clubs. Elite Player Performance Programme, Delivered via the Football Foundation figures correct to Oct 2018. Compared to 20 925 primary schools across the UK in 2016 17 according to the British Education Suppliers Association https www besa org uk key uk education. statistics,Premier League Economic and social impact 3. The growth of the,Premier League, Football is of considerable social cultural and economic significance. to the UK football has often been seen as a universal language. which has the ability to inspire and engage communities During the. football season hundreds of thousands of fans travel the country. to follow their team whilst millions more watch live games and. highlights on television and increasingly online, At the pinnacle of the English football pyramid the activities of the.
Premier League affect all aspects of the game from supporting the. ability of Premier League teams to compete with the best in Europe. to encouraging participation in school and community football. Premier League success is part of a cycle of growth. Delivering high quality football is crucial to the success of the League and is at the core of its activities This drives engagement with fans. and therefore supports commercial performance In turn this allows the League to invest in the future of the game to ensure competitive. and engaging football is delivered to fans for years to come The cycle of growth below summarises this process using data examples. from this report,Delivering a vibrant and,engaging competition that. resonates with fans,97 stadium utilisation,1 3bn fans globally. High quality,All Premier League Clubs enhancing,accessibility for disabled people. 3 752 community pitches,I invest d,funded since 2000. Converting interest into,Commercial,commercial success and.
sustainable growth,Investing in stadia,facilities and future. footballing talent 2 8bn broadcast revenues,Distribute 18 profitable Clubs in 2016 17. 1 6 1 distribution ratio,for central revenues6,150 Community organisations Supporting wider. supported across the Premier football communities,League EFL and National League. and society, he highest earning Club received 1 6 times the amount received by the lowest earning Club in 2016 17 In 2018 this ratio was fixed at 1 8 1 Compared to a ratio of 3 7 1 in.
La Liga and 3 2 1 in the Bundesliga,4 Premier League Economic and social impact. Full stadiums engaged fans and world class talent, Since its inception in the 1992 93 season the Premier League has achieved considerable success and is now widely regarded as the. most popular football league in the world, Stadium utilisation of major European leagues 2016 17. 90 100 During the 25 seasons since it was formed 49 different clubs have. 80 90 participated in the Premier League with six different Clubs being. Average capacity 000s, crowned champions Premier League stadiums have the highest. Utilisation, 71 6 60 utilisation rates of the major European football leagues expressed.
50 as the percentage sold of the overall available tickets. 30 30 In 2016 17 Premier League grounds operated at close to full. 20 20 capacity with a new record average utilisation across 380 matches. 10 10 of 96 5 compared to 93 3 in the Bundesliga from 306. Premier Bundesliga La Liga Ligue 1 Serie A matches. Domestic football leagues with the most players at the. Average per match Average Utilisation,attendances capacity 2018 FIFA World Cup. Source Premier League Premier League,La Liga 78, The League regularly has more players represented in Spain. international tournaments than any other league for example Bundesliga 62. at the 2018 FIFA World Cup 108 of the 736 players selected Germany. by the competing national teams were Premier League players Serie A 58. 38 more than from La Liga The four nations in the semi finals of Italy. the competition were all European and 39 of the 91 players were Ligue 1. from Premier League Clubs including 23 from the England team. Source Various,Premier League ticketing, Premier League Clubs have taken a range of steps to reward. loyal fans and promote the match day experience to fans of all. ages This ensures that Clubs have an engaged sustainable. fan base who generate the match day atmosphere, Clubs make tickets available at different price points and offer. a variety of discounts including loyalty reward schemes and. age based concessions In addition many Clubs opt to freeze. their ticket prices from season to season The system of. discounts means that more than half of attending supporters. pay less than the full listed price, In 2018 19 the average mean price paid for a ticket across 800 000 520 000 26.
Total seating Season tickets Of tickets, all Premier League Clubs is 31 per match including season capacity purchased at. tickets calculated at a per match price a quarter of fans pay 20 or less. 20 or less For junior ticket holders the average cost is 12. per match For away fans specifically the League has placed a. 30 cap on away ticket prices in recognition of their loyalty a. three season agreement in place since 2016 17 The average. away ticket price is 28 in 2018 19 31 12,Source Premier League EY analysis. Average ticket Average junior,price ticket price,Premier League Economic and social impact 5. The Premier League s,economic contribution, The popularity of Premier League football drives substantial. economic activity across the UK This is supported by the commercial. relationships and supply chains that underpin the League the visitor. economy it sustains and the fiscal contributions it makes This. section explores this contribution including the economic returns. generated at the national and regional level,2 8bn 686 000.
international,visitor trips,Premier League,Vis international. matchday ito,revenues e visitor spending,Drivers of impact7 con. Club and Premier League operations Delivering, contribute to economic activity across Premier League. the UK 1 5bn football 811 000, The chart opposite highlights some of Commercial Domestic away. other revenues fans visitor,the key statistics which feed into the.
economic impact analysis Im,diate impac,These interactions between the. League and the wider economy 1 7bn 1 1bn,drive considerable economic spent in League. activity These can be captured supply chains 12 400 tax contributions. from players,through direct impacts which FTE direct. take place within the League employees of the,itself such as Club employment Clubs. indirect impacts through the,League s supply chains and.
induced impacts which are, driven by the employment income Clubs have made continued investment in their stadium facilities This ranges from. supported by the League and its entirely new facilities to upgrades including new stands refurbishments and improved. supply chain accessibility and facilities for disabled people Stadium development represents a. substantial programme of private sector capital investment. EY figures based on analysis of Premier League information UK national accounts data and various other sources. 6 Premier League Economic and social impact, 3 3 billion generated in tax revenues Total fiscal impact of the League 2016 17 billions. The economic activity stimulated by the League resulted in an. estimated 3 3 billion total contribution to the Exchequer in. 2016 17 This represents a 50 increase since 2013 14 Of the. total contribution 2 1 billion was a direct impact of the League 3. itself with the remainder raised through activity supported 1 3. indirectly by the League, This 3 3 billion is a substantial contribution to the UK s public 2. finances Based on current estimates of hiring and recruitment 3 3. costs this is equivalent to the annual salaries of over 86 000. police constables or would fund the training of more than 42 000 1. new NHS nurses 8 9 0 7, The diagram opposite illustrates how this tax contribution is 0. broken down between major tax revenue sources Players Total Income VAT NICs Other. themselves accounted for a sizeable proportion of the League s Tax. tax contribution In total players are estimated to support a tax. Numbers do not sum due to rounding, contribution of 1 1 billion or 34 of the 2016 17 total the.
Source EY analysis, vast majority of this contribution was made through players. income related taxes which consist of income tax and national. insurance contributions 10 Premier League players paid. Net VAT payments make up the next largest tax revenue channel 1 1 billion. supported to a large extent by the VAT applicable revenues of in taxes in 2016 17. Clubs including that applied to broadcast rights agreements. Overview of impact measurement, Impact drivers Direct impacts Indirect impacts Induced impacts. Match day revenue,Commercial revenue,Investment,Operational spending. League Community activity,Clubs Profit GVA,Considers the The economic. economic activity activity that is,Employees players.
generated through supported by, Tax contributions relevant supply increased spending. chains as a result of throughout the, Commercial income from the direct impacts economy facilitated. broadcasters and sponsors e g construction by direct and. industry hospitality indirect employment,Investment. sector impacts,Premier Operational spending,League Community activity. Tax contributions, Experienced Police constable salary of 38 533 taken from Prospects https www prospects ac uk job profiles police officer.
Nursing training costs of 78 000 per nurse taken from Department of Health 2016 Managing the supply of NHS clinical staff in England. Player tax contributions include PAYE income tax and national insurance contributions and VAT but exclude those paid on other earnings such as image. rights These calculations are based on average player salaries. Premier League Economic and social impact 7, 7 6 billion contribution to UK GDP Total GVA impact of the League 2016 17 billions. The League s contribution to UK Gross Domestic Product GDP. can be estimated through the Gross Value Added GVA it 8. generates 11 In 2016 17 this reached 7 6 billion with the majority 7. 7 2 billion resulting from Clubs operations This represents a. 50 increase since 2013 14 12 The chart opposite illustrates how 6. this GVA contribution is generated through direct indirect and 4 3. induced impacts, In 2016 17 the League directly contributed a total of 4 3. billion in GVA to the UK economy representing 57 of the total 1 4. GVA impact A further 3 2 billion was generated via indirect 2. 1 4 billion and induced 1 8 billion impacts A substantial level 1. of economic activity is therefore supported through the supply 1 8. chains of the League as other businesses contribute to and share 0. in the success of Premier League football Total Direct Indirect Induced. Numbers do not sum due to rounding, Total employment impact of the League 2016 17 FTE jobs Source EY analysis. Close to 100 000 UK jobs supported, 70 The activity of the League supported almost 100 000 full time. 60 52 equivalent FTE jobs across the UK in 2016 17 This represents. 50 99 a 30 increase since 2013 14 The majority of these jobs were. 40 underpinned by the League s substantial supply chains which. 30 accounted for 87 000 jobs both through indirect 52 000 and. 20 induced 35 000 impacts Of the total employment impact. 10 90 300 was supported by Clubs with the remainder supported. 0 by the Premier League 8 800,Total Direct Indirect Induced.
Source EY analysis,Clubs economic impact has risen 8. 800 since 1998 9913 7, The Premier League s positive financial performance has 80. led to an increased contribution from the League to the UK 6. economy The GVA impact from the Clubs has grown from. GVA and tax bn, 0 7 billion in 1998 99 to 7 2 billion by 2016 17 an increase. of over 800 in cash terms at a compound average annual 4 50. growth rate of 13, The increase in revenues has resulted in significant growth. in employment supported by the Clubs excluding the central 2. activities of the Premier League itself This is illustrated by 20. the number of FTEs rising from 11 300 in 1998 99 to almost 1. 90 300 in 2016 17 a rise of 700 Meanwhile the total tax. contribution underpinned by the Clubs has increased by 2 8 1998 99 2007 08 2013 14 2016 17. billion over the same period rising by 700 in cash terms. GVA Tax Employment Source EY analysis, ross Value Added GVA is a measure of economic activity which can be viewed as the incremental contribution to Gross Domestic Product GDP It therefore provides a.
useful measure for understanding the economic contribution made by particular industries or businesses such as the Premier League and its Clubs. Note that improvements in the understanding of Premier League supply chains has produced revised economic impact estimates for 2013 14 Previously the GVA and. employment impacts were estimated at 3 3bn revised to 4 7bn and 95 000 revised to 71 000. Changes over time are presented in cash terms For comparison ONS data suggest that nominal GDP growth in the UK increased by 98 between 1999 and 2017 and by. 11 between 2014 and 2017,8 Premier League Economic and social impact. Regional distribution of Premier League Clubs 2016 17. Substantial local contributions,The economic activity supported by the League is. distributed across much of England and Wales due, to the geographical spread of Premier League Clubs. Since its inception 49 different teams have competed. in the Premier League and in 2016 17 each of the major. regions of England and Wales had at least one Premier. League Club, The greatest impact is felt within London where a total GVA with 2 0 billion GVA and 20 000 FTEs A large proportion. impact of 2 3 billion and an employment impact of 27 000 FTEs of the impact in the North West is felt in Greater Manchester. were underpinned by the activities of the Premier League and the Manchester City and Manchester United which accounted for. five London Clubs Arsenal Chelsea Crystal Palace Tottenham 1 2 billion in GVA and employment of 11 500 FTEs The Midlands. Hotspur and West Ham United Leicester City Stoke City and West Bromwich Albion and the. South Coast Bournemouth and Southampton generated GVA of. The next largest impact was generated in the North West Burnley. 0 6 billion and 0 4 billion respectively, Everton Liverpool Manchester City and Manchester United.
GVA contribution of Premier League football Employment impact of Premier League football selected. selected regions billions 2016 17 regions FTE thousands 2016 17. 0 0 5 1 0 1 5 2 0 2 5 0 5 10 15 20 25 30,London 0 5 London 0 5. Share of regional economy,Share of regional economy. North North,West 1 2 West 0 6,Midlands Greater 0 2 Midlands Greater 0 1. Manchester Manchester,South 1 2bn 1 8 South 11 500 0 9. Coast Coast,Source EY analysis Source EY analysis, The Manchester Clubs are one of if not our most significant brand ambassadors and.
therefore a vital element of city promotion as we look to create positive perceptions. of Manchester as a place to live study visit and invest. Tim Newns CEO MIDAS Manchester s inward investment agency. Premier League Economic and social impact 9,From local to global. The Premier League is a globally,recognised brand built upon high 1. quality football The League s success, at the global level enables it to generate 1 1bn Ranked first. local economic and social returns Value of in the Populus. within the UK broadcast rights British Icon Index,exports 2016 17 2017 1814. The strength of the Premier League s,broadcast proposition is key to its global.
success which is reinforced by effective,engagement with fans across the. world In turn the Premier League has of the 736 players commercial. become an active member of the global at the 2018 FIFA partnerships. World Cup from the,community presenting political and Premier League. economic opportunities for the UK,1 1 billion in annual broadcast exports. The value of a sports competition s broadcast rights outside Overseas rights of major sports leagues 2016 17 billions. of its domestic market provides the most tangible measure of 1 2. its international appeal It reflects the attractiveness of the. competition to broadcasters based on the number and profile of 1 0 1 1. viewers who are interested in the competition their willingness to. pay to watch it and the value that advertisers broadcast sponsors 0 8 0 9. and partners place on being associated with it, In 2016 17 Premier League international revenues were higher 0 6. than the combined total of the other four major European. leagues despite a 160 increase for La Liga in its latest 0 4. broadcast cycle Furthermore based on available evidence in. 2016 2017 Premier League overseas rights were estimated to. be substantially higher than all major North American sports 0 1. leagues in total they were more than twice the combined Premier Bundesliga La North UK sports. value of the broadcast exports of the NBA NFL MLB and NHL League Liga Ligue 1 American. excluding Canada In the UK Premier League broadcast exports Serie A sports. are around 10 times the equivalent combined total for cricket. rugby and tennis Source Premier League analysis estimates. The Premier League s broadcasting exports represent a substantial proportion of the UK s total TV exports In 2016 17 alone the. League accounted for broadcast exports of 1 1 billion surpassing the 0 9 billion achieved in exports of other UK television productions. in 2016 17 as measured by PACT more than the BBC ITV Channel 4 Channel 5 Sky and the independent sector combined To. support such broadcasting exports the Premier League invests in Premier League Productions PLP to distribute and create content for. international rights holders see case study on the following page. Populus research in 2018 covering 20 markets saw the Premier League top their British Icon Index with Rolls Royce second and Jaguar Land Rover third. 10 Premier League Economic and social impact,Enabling success.
Premier League Productions Intellectual property protection. Premier League Productions PLP is a partnership between Online piracy has become increasingly prevalent over time as. the Premier League and IMG a global sports events and talent technology has changed the way in which we live Increased. management company Based in West London s Stockley Park internet speeds technological advancements in both hardware. PLP s primary objective is to distribute match content to the and software and a legal process which finds it difficult to keep. Premier League s 120 international broadcasters It also creates up with the speed of the problem have resulted in the ability to. original Premier League TV content stream illegal audio visual content in real time with relative ease. PLP is home to the largest single football production distribution This is not just an issue facing football but all producers of. and service team in UK broadcasting employing 242 people It creative content and owners of intellectual property In an. is also one of the most advanced and highly connected television increasingly globalised economy companies and individuals. hubs in Europe with IMG having invested 50 million in a technical trying to protect their original ideas and creations face complex. fit out of the studios This facility enables the Premier League to challenges Overcoming these challenges is a key part of ensuring. offer a high quality service to its broadcasters that the UK and the rest of the world has the right incentives in. place to reward innovation and entrepreneurial activity. The studio distributes all 380 Premier League matches each. season globally using the match footage provided by UK Illegal Streaming Devices ISDs in particular have made piracy. broadcasters Sky Sports BT Sport and the BBC It also produces easier and the Premier League was responsible for the first. a variety of other programming including a daily magazine successful sentencing of an ISD supplier in 2016 In 2017 the. programme and a phone in show In total PLP produces 3 950 Premier League was awarded a High Court Blocking Order. hours or 165 days worth of unique content each season which requires UK Internet Service Providers to block servers. that are hosting illegal streams of its matches This was the. Individual broadcasters are able to tailor the service that they. first of its kind in the world Such precedents are helping. receive choosing between the world feed only the match action. creative sectors to better protect their content and ensure. commentary and half time analysis or alternatively coming to the. creators are rewarded fairly for their work,UK to present from pitch side. The Premier League has operated its anti piracy programme since. The PLP broadcasting service allows broadcasters to showcase. 2006 and has invested in market leading solutions for detection. Premier League football globally by supplying innovative content. and verification of infringements It has adopted a wide ranging. which is underpinned by a high quality reliable service This. enforcement strategy which has put the League at the forefront of. supports the Premier League s significant overseas broadcast. the global fight against piracy, rights earnings and makes a positive contribution to production. standards within the sports market,Premier League Economic and social impact 11. Engaging with a global fan base, Premier League Clubs have an increasingly international fan base Premier League and Nike. as technological advancements allow fans around the world to Partnerships between the Premier League and its Clubs. feel closer to Clubs and players than ever before TV coverage of and major sports brands generate economic activity both. the League can be viewed in every corner of the world and is now in the UK and overseas Specialised sports retailers alone. widely available online employ around 86 000 people in the UK even before. Social media has allowed the Premier League and its Clubs to accounting for the marketing activity and supply chain that. connect with fans in new ways with content available in a variety supports this activity. of languages In 2016 17 16 Premier League Clubs recorded Nike s partnership with the Premier League is among the. over one million interactions on Facebook e g likes comments brand s longest running business relationships Nike has. shares compared to only five clubs in LaLiga been the Official Ball Supplier to the Premier League since. During pre season Clubs take the opportunity to tour other the 2000 01 season and will remain so until at least 2025. countries to engage with their international fans The Premier Nike has a strong global presence turning over 36 billion. League also hosts accessible fan events including trophy tours in sales annually This helps raise the profile of both the. fan parks and pre season tournaments to bring the Premier Premier League and Nike brands For example Nike s official. League experience to fans around the world In 2016 17 clubs Premier League football can be purchased in each of the 188. visited 18 overseas markets during pre season tours countries in which the Premier League is broadcast. 63 350m 4m 188, nationalities social media Fantasy Premier countries receive.
represented on the followers League managers Premier League. pitch outside the UK football broadcasts, Note All figures in the graphics above refer to 2016 17. 12 Premier League Economic and social impact,An active member of the global community. The Premier League undertakes a considerable amount of work internationally focussing on developing partnerships with football. stakeholders and government organisations This work supports the global development of football and promotes the Premier League as a. force for good and a valuable soft power asset As noted in Portland s Soft Power 30 Report the UK claimed top spot in large part due to. the strength of its cultural institutions including the Premier League which it states is clearly a boon for British soft power. Business and government networks,The Premier League helps facilitate and channel. partnerships between the Clubs private sector organisations. and UK and local government organisations It also supports. UK Government initiatives to develop trade and investment. opportunities for the UK,Mutual Cooperation Agreements. Through Mutual Cooperation Agreements the Premier,League shares best practice on its operations and.
development with foreign leagues and clubs through study. visits conferences and workshops to help improve local. standards in all areas of the game Agreements are in place. with organisations such as the Asian Football Confederation. Indian Super League and Chinese Super League,Premier Skills. Premier Skills is a longstanding programme with the British. Council delivered by Premier League Club coaches to build. coaching and referee expertise Since its launch in 2007 over. 20 000 coaches have been trained in 29 countries who have. in turn reached more than 1 5 million young people. The Premier League is more than one of the world s greatest sporting. competitions It is a hugely successful British brand and export that. helps to promote this country and our values around the globe. Department for Digital Culture Media and Sport,Premier League Economic and social impact 13.


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