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notes on the guitar
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TABLE OF CONTENTS,Introduction 4,Step 1 Memorize 5. Step 2 Relate 7,Step 3 Fill in the Blanks 11,Conclusion 12. About the Author 12,Appendix A 14,Appendix B 15,www christopherguitar net 2. www classicalguitarblog net, This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial. Share Alike 3 0 United States License To view a copy of this license visit. http creativecommons org licenses by nc sa 3 0 us or send a letter to Creative. Commons 171 Second Street Suite 300 San Francisco California 94105. www christopherguitar net 3,www classicalguitarblog net.
INTRODUCTION, Knowing every note on the guitar or Bass fretboard is a fundamental skill for. the guitarist It allows a beginning guitarist to discuss music in terms that other. musicians understand and lays a great foundation for learning to read music. Many websites suggest pure memorization of all the notes This is tedious and. does not encourage conscious thought This method outlined in this book is one. I use with my own students and one I m sure that millions of other guitarists have. figured out for themselves, The goal is learn every note on the fretboard with a little pure memorization as. possible Some memorization work is unavoidable but what you ll learn in this. book is mostly how to relate strings to one another. What this book will teach you,1 The musical alphabet and how it works. 2 How to relate each of the guitar s or bass strings to one another. 3 A method for learning every note on the guitar fretboard. The Musical Alphabet, The note names we use in music are the same as the first seven letters of the. alphabet These are the natural notes,A B C D E F G A B C etc.
There are no other note names there are no notes named Z or Q Once we get. to G we just go back to A and start all over again. Within the musical alphabet there are whole and half step distances between. notes A half step is one fret on the guitar For instance play the first fret on the. sixth string now play the second fret Those two notes are a half step apart. A whole step is two frets on the guitar So if you play the first fret on the sixth. string again then play the third fret those two notes are a whole step apart. The natural notes have naturally existing half and whole steps built in Between. A and B for instance there is always two frets this is true anywhere on the. We re mostly worried about where the half steps naturally occur Between E and. F there is always a half step or one fret Between B and C there is always a half. step or one fret This is true anywhere on the guitar neck Between every other. pair of adjoining notes there is a whole step, This may seem confusing now but we ll walk through it in the next section. www christopherguitar net 4,www classicalguitarblog net. STEP 1 MEMORIZE, This is the only pure sit down and try to memorize the notes section of this book. We are going to memorize the note names on the Fifth and Sixth strings of the. Let s start with the sixth string, The open nothing fretted with the left hand note of the sixth string as many of. you know is E Let s reorder our musical alphabet to make this easier. E F G A B C D E F G A etc, As we go up the fret board the pitches get higher as such we go up the.
Since our first note was E the next note on the fretboard is F it s the next in line. Remember from above that E and F always have a half step distance one fret. between them So F will be at the first fret on the sixth string. You can begin to relate notes to one another building from the open string to the. twelfth fret in this way,1 The open sixth string is E. 2 Between E and F there s a half step the first fret on the sixth string is F. 3 Between F and G there s a whole step two frets the third fret on the sixth. string is G, 4 Between G and A there s a whole step the fifth fret on the sixth string is A. 5 Between A and B there s a whole step the seventh fret on the sixth string. 6 Between B and C there s a half step the eighth fret on the sixth string is C. 7 Between C and D there s a whole step the tenth fret on the sixth string is. 8 Between D and E there s a whole step the twelfth fret on the sixth string is. We re back to where we started E That s it Notice that we ve missed some. frets we ll come back to those later, This same method can be used to figure out all the notes on the fifth string The. open fifth string is an A Because A and B have two frets between them a whole. step the next note on the fifth string B is at the second fret I ll leave the rest of. the fifth string to you, Get stuck Appendix A at the end of this book that lists the note names on all. the strings This is included ONLY to check answers or if you get stumped Try. not to look at it if you don t have to I suggest checking your answers for the sixth. string and fifth strings before moving on,www christopherguitar net 5.
www classicalguitarblog net, This part of the process sucks Memorization sucks The goal is to get your. brain to the point where someone could call out a note name and you d be able. to find it immediately on the sixth or fifth string. The best way to begin practice is to do just as we did in the list above Take one. string go up it stay the note names aloud to yourself as you play them When. you reach the twelfth fret go down No note name locations move As we go up. the sixth string then we d have the notes in order. Fret 0 1 3 5 7 8 10 12,Note E F G A B C D E, As we go back down nothing changes we just reverse the order. Fret 12 10 8 7 5 3 1 0,Note E D C B A G F E, It s really important to say the note names aloud to yourself It helps with the. memorization process Here a blank charts for the fifth string since we know it. starts on A the notes will go in order from A to A Fill in the fret numbers for. each note name Be sure to check your answers in the appendix to this book. Note A B C D E F G A, After spending some time working up and down each string grab some seven. small sheets of paper or 3x5 note cards On each write one of the seven natural. note names Shuffle them and work through the stack on each string The goal. of this exercise to see how you do when challenged with playing note names out. of order Keep in mind the notes on the fretboard stay constant but the flash. cards take away the security blanket of practicing them in order. All of the exercises outlined here can also be done mentally That is just picture. the fretboard in your mind Work up and down the fifth and sixth strings. visualizing where the left hand finger would be placed to play each of the notes. You can also do the flash card exercise mentally,www christopherguitar net 6.
www classicalguitarblog net,STEP 2 RELATE, Because there s a limited number of note names available many things repeat. on the guitar fretboard Now that you ve memorized the fifth and sixth strings we. can relate those strings to the others through octave shapes. An octave is, the interval between one musical pitch and another with half or double its. In short an octave is an interval a distance between two notes or frets in. which both notes have the same name In all the octave shapes that follow this. discussion if the note under one finger is an E the note under the other is also. an E If a note under under one finger is a G the note under the other is a G All. of the octave shapes will have one finger on the fifth or sixth strings strings we. know the note names on The other finger will have the same note name. Here are the octave shapes write as chord windows charts I haven t included. fingering just do what works best Don t know how to read these See. Appendix B, As you can see the notes on the sixth and first strings because they both start. on E are all in the same places The fourth string can be related to the sixth. The third and second strings can be related to the fifth string All of the shapes. above are moveable As long as you keep the distance frets between the. fingers and the strings the same they work,www christopherguitar net 7. www classicalguitarblog net, Let s look at an example The G on the sixth string is at the third fret We can.
relate that G to two other G through octave shapes. Third Fret G G,www christopherguitar net 8,www classicalguitarblog net. Let s look at a C on the fifth string It s also at the third fret so we can use octave. shapes to relate that C to two other notes on the second and third strings. Third Fret C, The goal is to do this with every other note we know So here are some. exercises to get in practice, 1 Find one note everywhere it exists on the fretboard. 2 Find all of one note in a given position four fret span Pick a four fret. span anywhere on the fretboard Draw a flash card Find all of the flash. card s note in that position,www christopherguitar net 9. www classicalguitarblog net, Here s an example of the first game You drew a G from your flash cards You.
know that G is at the third fret on the sixth string Through octave shapes from. that note you now know that G is at the 5th fret on the fourth string and the 3rd. fret on the first string Now you go in search of a G on the fifth string finding it at. the 10th fret Because you know that G you relate it through octaves to the. second string discovering the G on the second string is at the 8th fret You also. relate the G on the fifth string to the third string you discover the G on the third. string is at the 12th fret, Finally an example of the second game you choose the 6th 7th 8th and 9th. frets for your four fret region You draw the note A So you find your A s on the. fifth and sixth strings And relate those two strings to the others with octave. shapes You find that A at the 7th fret on the fourth string fall within your four fret. range and play it, The goal of these games is move from having to actually play the octave shapes. to being able to just see them It s a process But eventually you build a mental. map of the fretboard so complete it unnoticeable You ll just know the note. names for each string To that end try forcing yourself to avoid playing the. octave shapes after a while practicing them Just see them in your minds eye. Each of the exercises here can also be done mentally I encourage this because. it s a great way to use downtime at work or school and practice away from the. guitar Just picture the guitar fretboard in your mind and play the above games. www christopherguitar net 10,www classicalguitarblog net. STEP 3 FILL IN THE BLANKS, So far we ve avoided all other fret except for those that are natural notes It s. time to fill in the blanks, To get the rest of the notes frets we use sharps and flats.
These signs are called accidentals A flat sign looks like a lowercase letter b. and lowers a note by a half step or one fret, So to find an Ab note you d find an A sixth string 5th fret and lower it move it. towards the headstock by one fret An Ab on the sixth string is at the 4th fret. A sharp sign looks like a number symbol and raises a note by a half step So to. find an A you d find the A on the sixth string again this time raise it move. towards the bridge by one fret The A on the sixth string is at the 6th fret. Now find a Bb on the sixth string, Wait that s the same fret as A True This fret can have two names depending. on the context You have to know and be familiar with both When two notes. written different have the same pitch or fret they are called enharmonic A and. Bb are enharmonic notes, To practice this simply continue doing the games and exercises listed above but. add all the of the sharp and flat notes to your flash cards. Sharps A B C D E F G,Flats Ab Bb Cb Db Eb Fb Gb,Some Special Cases. We learned above that there are naturally occurring half steps between E and F. and B and C When you find an E you ll notice that s the same as F This. doesn t occur to often in guitar music but it is worth knowing E and F are. enharmonic notes Other special case enharmonic notes Fb E B C Cb B. www christopherguitar net 11,www classicalguitarblog net.
CONCLUSION, That s it The goal of this book was to provide you with some tools for learning. the notes all over the fretboard and understanding how the musical alphabet. works This method goes beyond memorization and begins to help you build a. complete mental map of the fretboard, I discovered this method when I was first starting guitar I used it extensively to. survive college music theory course by visualizing the fretboard I ve also passed. this method along to many of my students, When using this method is possible have the ability to figure out any note on the. fretboard within a few weeks Completely mastery comes after months or years. I hope this helps you out For more guitar tips please visit my blog. http www classicalguitarblog net,About the Author, Christopher Davis began his musical studies at age ten with the clarinet At. fourteen inspired by Black Sabbath and Metallica Chris picked up the guitar. Chris holds a Bachelor of Music degree in Guitar Performance and Music. Business and is currently pursuing a Master of Music Degree His guitar. instructors have included Scott Dalziel Phil DeLong and Stanley Yates In. addition he has performed in masterclasses for such world renowned artists as. Christopher Parkening and The Assad Brothers,www christopherguitar net 12.
www classicalguitarblog net,Why the fifth and sixth strings. Many moveable chord shapes use roots on the fifth or sixth strings Learning. them first and having them solidly memorized lays a great foundation for chord. chart reading later,Can I use this book with my students. Absolutely Go for it Let me know how it works,Did you steal this idea from somewhere. Possible I developed this system completely on my own but that doesn t mean. someone else hasn t written it down already I just didn t read about it anywhere. This was such a crap great book where can I send hate fan mail. Please let me know what was wrong with it or what you liked I m always open to. constructive criticism and I d love to hear from you cd classicalguitarblog net. is my email, I d like to post this PDF on my website is that allowed. No Please just link to http www classicalguitarblog net free thanks. www christopherguitar net 13,www classicalguitarblog net.
Appendix A,Every Note on the Fretboard, Did you do the entire book This is for checking answers only. After the 12th fret the notes repeat The same processes outlined above can be. done to memorize the notes above the 12th fret but I ve found most students just. got it after learning from frets 0 12,Fret 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12. 1 Note E F G A B C D E,Gb Ab Bb Db Eb,2 Note B C D E F G A B. Db Eb Gb Ab Bb,3 Note G A B C D E F G,Ab Bb Db Eb Gb. 4 Note D E F G A B C D,Eb Gb Ab Bb Db,5 Note A B C D E F G A.
Bb Db Eb Gb Ab,6 Note E F G A B C D E,Gb Ab Bb Db Eb. www christopherguitar net 14,www classicalguitarblog net. APPENDIX B,READING CHORD WINDOWS,www christopherguitar net 15.


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