Using the Macmillan Collocations Dictionary in IELTS. Sam McCarter, The Macmillan Collocations Dictionary MCD is a valuable resource for anyone using English in an. academic or professional context It shows how the most frequent words in English typically combine. with each other and with other words to form natural sounding chunks of language and this is what. makes it an especially useful tool for people taking the IELTS exams. There is an important distinction to be made between IELTS the International English Language. Testing System and other exams The purpose of IELTS is not to to test students knowledge of the. English language but to assess their competence in using it Students are not awarded a pass or fail but. their scores are reported on a scale ranging from 1 Non User to 9 Expert User. The word User is critical Rather than testing students knowledge of grammar or of specific vocabulary. items IELTS evaluates their ability to use the English language in the completion of tasks within fairly. tight time limits in the four main skills of Listening Reading Writing and Speaking This focus on. testing competence rather than knowledge has implications for students and teachers alike especially. with regard to learning vocabulary, Let us take for example a student who is about to take IELTS and who has a reasonably large. vocabulary say of around 7 500 words A vocabulary of this size is a desirable asset for anyone aiming to. achieve a score of 6 5 7 in the academic version of IELTS But learning words from vocabulary lists is not. enough If our imaginary student has no awareness of how words work naturally together s he will be. at a disadvantage compared to someone who may have a smaller vocabulary say 5 000 words but who is. able to use those words effectively by combining them in natural sounding collocations. What this illustrates is the importance of learning to use vocabulary at speed across tasks within the. four main skills This will improve fluency clarity of expression and naturalness and hence. competence in general, The need for such flexibility in manipulating words to create the kinds of combination that a fluent. speaker would produce naturally is what makes the Macmillan Collocations Dictionary an ideal. companion for students as they prepare for the IELTS exam. How producing natural collocations can help IELTS students. There are two aspects of vocabulary that illustrate the relevance of collocation and the value of a. dictionary like the MCD, the relationship between frequency and coverage research shows that the most common. English words make up a high percentage of everything we read or write The most frequently used. words the top 2 500 account for almost 80 of all text while the 7 500 most common words make up. The relationship between frequency and collocation the more frequent a word is the more. likely it is to enter into partnerships with other words forming combinations which convey a sense of. naturalness and style, This has implications for processing information in the four main skills tested in IELTS. Processing information Listening, In the IELTS Listening Module students have to be able to process information at natural speed which. they hear only once Grammar and listening skills apart such processing for students aiming for Score. Band 7 requires an ability to identify facts and ideas to see the relationships between them and to. recognise paraphrases and summaries From the IELTS student s point of view the skill of predicting. relationships between words in collocations or identifying the paraphrase of one collocation to. another at speed is very useful, At a fairly simple level this can be illustrated by the alternatives students might have to choose from. in a multiple choice question As students have to process what they hear while listening quick under. standing of the audio and the questions is essential Look at the second entry for the word basic in MCD. 2 of products or services needed by everyone, ADJ n necessities Their parents have to work from morning till night to provide the basic necessities. essentials foodstuffs sanitation amenities needs, A question in the Listening Module might look something like this. Their parents have to work from morning till night to provide the. A basic necessities,B school fees,C expensive clothes. In the listening module the speaker might say something like supply the children with accommodation. food and clothing Knowing that the word basic is frequently combined with necessities to mean things. like accommodation food and clothing makes it easier to process information while listening If students. have to think about the meaning of the two words combined it will slow them down Furthermore as. the vocabulary used in the audio and in the questions is likely to be drawn from the most common. 2 500 to 7 500 words either as single items or in combination then it makes sense to include work on. collocation and on possible paraphrases as part of a course. Processing information Reading, The reading passages in the academic version of IELTS are long around 800 words each and up to. 2 700 words for the three passages and students have to answer 40 questions about the passages in. one hour The skills needed for negotiating a text include skimming scanning rapid recognition of text. type and organization and the ability to process grammar at speed But a flexible use of vocabulary. can further enhance competence in reading A good starting point is to acquire a thorough working. knowledge of the most frequent English words and critically to learn the various ways in which they. typically combine to form natural sounding and predictable collocations. Reading and processing speeds can be surely enhanced by a detailed understanding of the ways in. which words fit together If we take another entry from the MCD for the word significant a knowledge. of collocation can help students predict as they read In a text about the important consequences of a. policy or decision for example the use of the adjective significant will prime readers to expect nouns. such as impact or effect to follow, have a significant impact on the economy of the region. And collocation manipulation will also help the student to see that the phrase benefit that part. of the country considerably in a reading passage is being paraphrased by the phrase above in a True. False Not Given statement or multiple choice question As the MCD shows other words with which. significant regularly combines to express the idea of an important result or effect of something include. implications consequence influence and benefit These provide yet another rich source of language to. manipulate for paraphrasing and summarizing, The ability to understand and use collocations helps students to increase their speed in processing. information as they predict the text that is to cover the blank pages to come. Building fluency and sounding unnatural Writing Task 2. In Task 2 of the academic version of IELTS students are required to write a minimum of 250 words A. student with a good grasp of collocation has a distinct advantage as we can see by looking at the entry for. significant in the MCD It shows the nouns and adverbs that most frequently combine with significant to. express a wide range of ideas If you want to say something is very significant there is a choice of typical. adverbs Or again there are sets of nouns for conveying ideas like a significant achievement a significant. problem or challenge or as discussed already a significant effect or result Here we look at the set of. nouns frequently used to express the idea of a significant event or change. change development improvement move trend decision action initiative. The most significant recent development has been the introduction of an integrated fares and ticketing. Let s say a student makes a spelling or a grammatical mistake in the sentence for example writing The. most significent recent development or Most significant recent development despite these mistakes the. message is clear But look at the difference if the student uses words of similar meaning but in unnatural. combinations and writes, The most key recent act has been the initiative of an integrated fares and ticketing arrangement. Though the sentence is not incorrect its intended meaning is much less clear because inappropiate. words have been chosen resulting in untypical collocations If this is then repeated with the same. consistency throughout an essay with or without grammar or spelling mistakes it becomes more. difficult for the reader the Examiner to recover the meaning Texts like this give the impression the. writer lacks fluency and is operating with a limited working vocabulary Yet with even quite small changes. the meaning would become more transparent and the text as a whole would feel more natural. Building fluency and sounding unnatural Speaking Parts 2 and 3. The need for fluency becomes even more critical in the Speaking module of IELTS In Part 2 students are. expected to talk about a particular topic for example Describe a recent development in your life that you. felt was important A good way of demonstrating a wide vocabulary is to employ natural collocations. which paraphrase what the Examiner says rather than just repeating the exact words for example I m. going to talk about a recent change in my life that was very significant If students are hesitant as they. pick their way through the words that they know or simply repeat the words of the Examiner this will. affect their score band for vocabulary and fluency Part 3 covers many abstract topics similar to those. covered in Task 2 of the Writing module Here students are asked to talk about subjects such as the. development of technology and its effects in the workplace or on domestic life Again the student who. is able with minimum hesitation to choose words that fit together to make natural collocations is. more likely to achieve a higher score band, The Macmillan Collocations Dictionary is a useful companion for anyone working in an academic or profes. sional context or taking exams such as FCE CAE Proficiency ILEC and ICFE For IELTS it is an especially. valuable resource which seems tailor made to meet the needs of students preparing for this exam. 387 impaired,v N have immunity bene t from enjoy,staff will enjoy diplomatic immunity so long. commercial impact of new information systems and,the Internet. as they are in this country relating to a particular subject cultural ecological. claim immunity claim She claimed parliamentary environmental political social socio economic. immunity and refused to stand trial This process will inevitably have some ecological. give immunity grant sb guarantee sb promise impact. sb Together with their families they have been,granted diplomatic immunity funding. v N have an impact create have make The,is vital for the us to be able to make a real. remove immunity lift waive His parliamentary,impact on the community. immunity was lifted and he was sentenced to 16 years. reduce impact absorb cushion lessen limit,minimize mitigate reduce soften Use your. prosecution,N from action jurisdiction liability proceedings. Prosecutors will now be able to offer,spending power to reduce your impact on the. environment, immunity from prosecution examine impact analyse consider examine. explore investigate understand This paper, 2 the body s protection against disease or a examines the impact of new teaching methods that. particular disease were introduced a year ago,adj N weak compromised decreased depressed. lowered suppressed You should avoid,measure impact assess calculate estimate. evaluate measure quantify In the next chapter we, people with a lowered immunity if you have shingles assess the impact of the minimum wage on. lasting a long time lifelong long lasting One individuals and firms. infection is thought to confer lifelong immunity 2 an occasion when one object hits another. present at birth maternal newborn The puppy has, received adequate maternal immunity to enable it to should. v N receive an impact take The ball of the foot,take the initial impact. resist disease for some weeks,absorb cushion,v N give immunity confer induce The new. can confer immunity following just one dose,make an impact less strong. lessen soften Inflatable balloons cushion the impact. of the controlled crash landing, get immunity acquire Those who work with the survive an impact survive withstand Cycle helmets. varnish seem to acquire immunity to its actions are designed to withstand impact at speeds of around. make immunity stronger boost stimulate The 13mph,high vitamin and mineral content helps to boost. immunity and energy levels intended,v on N explode detonate explode The bombs are. N against to disease infection virus In childhood,adenoids are probably useful in developing. to detonate on impact,break shatter Casey s neck broke on impact. immunity against infections,immunity to the virus,Do adults acquire impair V. make something less good or effective,impact N usually singular severely. adv V greatly markedly profoundly seriously,signi cantly substantially His disability. 1 an effect or influence,severely impairs his ability to walk. adj N strong dramatic enormous huge major,powerful profound signi cant The function. V n ability concentration effectiveness,judgement memory mobility. machine includes prominent branding for maximum,impact at the point of sale This important. musician had such a profound impact on my life,performance The drug impairs mental functions. such as attention and memory,not strong limited marginal minimal negligible. The factory is designed to operate with minimal impaired ADJ. impact on the environment prevented from using a particular ability fully. positive bene cial positive It is not clear whether. these activities have a positive impact on children s. intellectually,adv ADJ relating to the brain cognitively. mentally neurologically The, reading skills majority of children here are severely mentally. negative adverse damaging detrimental impaired, devastating disastrous negative serious severe relating to sight visually Reading web content can. For the local community the environmental impact be especially problematic for visually impaired. of these new mines will be devastating users, direct direct immediate The results will have an relating to hearing aurally The system is designed. immediate impact on the care that patients receive to help aurally impaired people. lasting a long time lasting long lasting long term. If we act now we could make a lasting impact on You can also use the expressions hearing impaired. poverty and sight impaired Signing will be provided at the. affecting your mind or emotions emotional meeting for the hearing impaired. psychological The psychological impact of living seriously profoundly seriously severely. with HIV is an issue that affects both long term substantially We work with the most profoundly. survivors and the newly diagnosed impaired children. relating to money and business commercial for ever permanently Now her memory is. economic nancial The study assesses the permanently impaired. impartial 388, not seriously mildly slightly I am fine apart from provide security without unnecessarily impeding. a slightly impaired memory function users ability to perform their job. ADJ n ability to see eyesight sight vision If your. is impaired and you d appreciate a large print,V n movement circulation ow mobility. passage progress No sofas chairs or, version please phone our Customer Services other furniture impeded the free circulation of the. Department guests, ability to hear hearing Any child who has impaired ability ability All of these factors impede the ability. hearing can join this group of the blood to absorb oxygen. ability to walk mobility This equipment helps us action or progress action development. deal with patients whose mobility is impaired effectiveness efforts implementation innovation. performance progress Progress was impeded by,impartial ADJ problems of planning permission. not connected to or influenced by a particular economic performance growth recovery trade At. person or group first worries about the safety of online transactions. adv ADJ completely absolutely completely,strictly totally Our aim is to provide. impeded the growth of e commerce,impetus N always singular. completely impartial advice a force that makes something happen or develop. really genuinely truly We offer genuinely impartial. advice great,adj N strong considerable dramatic enormous. powerful strong tremendous The railway,in a way that relates to politics politically A. politically impartial civil service is a great national gave a powerful impetus to the prosperity of the town. asset most important main major The main impetus, as some people believe so called supposedly I behind the rise in inflation comes from the impact. cannot fully share his admiration for the supposedly of higher food prices. impartial civil service new and different fresh new renewed This news. lends fresh impetus to the union s campaign,ADJ n person or group that judges adjudicator. judge panel Entries will be judged by a, given at the beginning initial original The initial. impetus for a literacy project came from a local, panel of impartial adjudicators literacy training day. person or group that settles disagreements extra added additional extra further Recent. arbitrator mediator tribunal The mediator is legislation has brought further impetus to this. impartial he or she does not take sides project,person who makes sure people obey rules in. sports referee umpire The lack of impartial referees project. v N be an impetus act as serve as The building,served as an impetus for regeneration. allowed players to break the rules, advice advice guidance The service offers impartial give impetus bring give inject lend provide. advice to new businesses Economic factors are providing the impetus for more. journalism journalism reporting We are committed automated solutions. to honest and impartial reporting of the news create impetus create generate The interest shown. in our town has served to create a renewed impetus. and or balanced fair objective unbiased,of the panel must be impartial and. in the project,gain impetus acquire derive gain receive This. unbiased strategy is gaining impetus globally, lose impetus lose The songs cause the film to lose. impatience N impetus,the annoyed feeling you have when something does. not happen as quickly as you would like implement V. adj N growing mounting His growing impatience make an idea plan system or law start to work. Robert began to show ef ciently,adv V successfully correctly effectively. show Maintain,v N show impatience display express reveal. normal eye contact and do not show,properly rigorously successfully We. successfully implemented the scheme on 17 February. impatience 2009,completely fully The planned changes have not yet. control impatience conceal control curb restrain, I could no longer control my impatience at the delay been fully implemented. I climbed the stairs and opened the door immediately immediately quickly swiftly with. immediate effect without delay The adjudicator s,n of N feeling gesture sign I detect a feeling of. public impatience,decision is final and must be implemented. immediately,over a particular area locally nationally widely. impede V National contracts will be locally implemented. make it more difficult for something to happen or badly badly poorly Legislation which is poorly. be done implemented is not acceptable,signi cantly. adv V seriously greatly seriously severely,This situation could seriously impede. Usage Implement is usually passive in all of the,adv V combinations shown above Their advertising. economic growth,in a way that is not necessary or reasonable. campaign was badly implemented We are now,working to ensure that the recommendations are. unduly unfairly unnecessarily unreasonably We effectively implemented. 389 implicit,V n something that tells people how to deal. a problem guidelines recommendations The,required close collaboration between the various. departments,government now aims to implement the,recommendations of the safety review research. n to N barrier delay obstacle The group will,the barriers to implementation of change in. way of dealing with a problem measures policy the industry. solution strategy One purpose of implementing, these measures is to control the flow of traffic implication N. law or rule directive law legislation provisions 1 usually plural a possible effect or result. regulations ruling The legislation was fully,implemented in July 2005 when international. tobacco advertising was banned,adj N important considerable enormous. profound signi cant These differences, plan plan programme proposal scheme system have significant implications for growth and. The committee agreed to implement the plan as soon development. as possible negative devastating negative serious This ruling. official agreement accord agreement resolution could have devastating implications for thousands. He visited the US and Europe promising to of people. implement the peace accord possible possible potential The potential legal. change change improvements reform There has implications of this approach are enormous. been steady progress in implementing reforms in the affecting a large number of people or things. police force broad far reaching wide wide ranging The. v to V agree to implement something agree,promise The management apologized and agreed to. legislation has far reaching implications for,property owners in the UK. over a long period of time long term We need to, implement the recommendations carefully consider the long term implications of. try to implement something attempt try Many development. school teachers are attempting to implement the relating to a real situation practical This report. reform proposals has practical implications for our work in the. have to implement something be forced be classroom. obliged have You may be forced to implement relating to money budgetary economic nancial. change by internal factors You should consider carefully the financial. fail or refuse to implement something fail refuse implications of studying for a higher degree. The council has refused to implement the ruling due relating to a theory or method methodological. to budget cuts theoretical In this chapter we discuss the. methodological implications of two theoretical,implementation N frameworks. the process of implementing something relating to a particular subject environmental. adj N successful or complete effective ef cient,proper smooth successful We will consult. ethical legal moral pedagogical philosophical, political Many decisions doctors take have ethical. implications,widely to ensure smooth implementation of the. legislation,quick immediate rapid speedy timely Establish a. n N cost health policy resource safety security,welfare They also identify the cost implications. timetable for the speedy implementation of of achieving improved energy ratings. recommendations, covering a wide area full scale large scale changes. v N have implications carry have Some of these,carry more wide ranging implications. widespread The widespread implementation of the consider implications consider discuss examine. new methods is encouraging explore investigate ponder re ect upon think. actual actual concrete practical The actual about The paper discusses the implications of our. implementation of a new policy can be challenging findings in relation to students learning. in stages phased step by step The phased make a judgment about implications assess. implementation will be carried out in seven police evaluate Most users do not consciously assess the. forces privacy implications of every online situation they. v N achieve implementation achieve ensure,meetings are held to ensure the smooth. understand implications appreciate grasp, implementation of policy realize understand We have failed to realize the. manage implementation coordinate manage wider implications of these events. monitor oversee supervise The Department has a 2 usually singular something that you suggest is. responsibility for overseeing implementation of EU true. directives, help implementation accelerate aid assist in obvious. adj N clear obvious underlying unspoken The,implication was that Simon was lying. contribute to facilitate simplify support This, company was chosen to facilitate the implementation. of the project,implication,v N deny reject resent She resented his. that she was a cheat,delay implementation defer postpone Permission. was granted to postpone implementation implicit ADJ. N n date phase plan process schedule stage not stated directly. timetable The implementation process ADJ n something that people understand and. accept or agree to acknowledgement agreement,assumption recognition understanding There is. young people would use drugs Winning is of,secondary importance although it is very nice. an implicit assumption among the community that becoming more less declining diminishing. these issues will be resolved growing increased increasing His growing. criticism condemnation criticism critique rebuke importance in shaping policy became clear during. Throughout the report there was implicit criticism the strike. of the council s actions of a particular type archaeological architectural. threat challenge threat We had to accept peace on ecological economic historic historical strategic. their terms ot the implicit threat of renewed violence symbolic The river port gave the city a special. strategic importance, imply V in a particular geographical area international. suggest that something exists or is true without national This is a list of sites considered to be of. saying so directly national importance for nature conservation. adv V clearly clearly plainly strongly The report,implied a growing need for new tests. v N be or become important assume have take,Air power has assumed a greater military. wrongly falsely incorrectly misleadingly wrongly importance in recent times. The broadcast falsely implies that cycling is an give something importance accord sth ascribe. unusually dangerous activity attach attribute give sth place Do not attach too. as a logical result automatically inevitably much importance to the differences in admissions. logically necessarily If we teach writing more, effectively does that logically imply that our students. procedures between the Colleges Their business,strategy places great importance on IT. will becoming better writers understand something s importance. not necessarily or not at all in no way not acknowledge appreciate be convinced of grasp. necessarily Autonomy does not necessarily imply note perceive realize recognize understand We. unlimited freedom understand the importance of keeping you informed. acceptance,V n the fact that you approve of something. approval consent endorsement A link,of progress,emphasize something s importance af rm assert. emphasize highlight reaf rm reassert reinforce, to another website does not imply endorsement of the reiterate stress underline underscore Dr Connolly. material on that site stresses the importance of being open and honest with. the fact that you do not approve of something, contradiction criticism rejection Inclusion on the exaggerate something s importance exaggerate. Register does not imply criticism of the person in overemphasize overestimate overstate We cannot. question overstate the importance of this point, the fact that something exists existence A positive. deny or forget something s importance deny, result does not necessarily imply the existence of the downplay ignore overlook underestimate. disease underplay understate undervalue The Minister. n V information that you discover data,ndings study Our findings imply the. seemed to be downplaying the importance of the, presence of liquid water on Mars show something s importance con rm. something that is said or written comment demonstrate explain illustrate indicate point to. de nition language narrative phrase statement re ect reveal show The report points to the. wording This statement implies that we might as importance of patients being able to access the. well just accept things as they are service quickly. theory hypothesis theorem This hypothesis implies discuss how important something is assess. that when something occurs it has more chance of discuss evaluate examine This lecture will discuss. happening again the importance of patents to the pharmaceutical. importance N,the fact of being important pioneering. N v be in lie in The unit s importance lies in the. work it is doing with children who have, adj N great considerable enormous extreme been excluded from mainstream schools. huge immense key major much profound, tremendous These findings are interesting but they grew. v in N decline gain grow increase The town,in importance in the late 18th century. are not of much importance at this stage, essential critical crucial decisive fundamental important ADJ. key vital People must understand the vital,having a major effect on someone or something. importance of these resources for future generations. more than anything else cardinal especial rst,highest overriding overwhelming paramount. adv ADJ very critically crucially enormously,fundamentally highly hugely. particular primary prime special supreme immensely incredibly massively profoundly. utmost I believe motivating students to learn is of really so terribly tremendously very vitally. paramount importance During their captivity that friendship was vitally. little minor Compared to health education,little important to them. and taxes the issue is of minor importance especially especially particularly supremely This. relative to something else equal less lesser advice is especially important for younger women. relative secondary We assessed the relative rather pretty INFORMAL quite Listen carefully This. importance of different factors in predicting whether is quite important. 391 impractical,possibly potentially Anxiety was recognized as a. potentially important factor,V n punishment ne penalty punishment. sentence The judge said she had no, relative to something else doubly equally option but to impose a custodial sentence. increasingly most too It is equally important for restriction or limit condition constraints curfew. Government Offices to monitor and review progress deadline limit limitation moratorium quota. Our friendship is too important to risk over,something so silly. requirement restraints restriction Section 23,imposes various restrictions on the Parliament s. clearly clearly obviously It is obviously important powers. to liaise with the owner of the land tax or charge charge levy surcharge tariff tax. Some Scandinavian countries impose much higher,The expression the single most important is very. taxes on car ownership than does the UK, common This was probably the single most important. ban ban blockade embargo prohibition They,factor in the decision. imposed an embargo on all exports to the area, in a particular way architecturally biologically rule regulation rule The landlord is entitled to. clinically commercially economically historically impose parking regulations on his tenants. industrially medically strategically All the churches duty duty liability obligation The Directive imposes. on the list are architecturally or historically obligations on public bodies with regard to how they. important This report highlights the decline in,strategically important areas of industry. use personal information,burden burden strain The emissions from aircraft. across a particular geographical area globally impose a great burden on the world s climate. internationally locally nationally regionally The will will It is wrong to impose the will of a small. island is home to internationally important seabird elite on the majority. populations,consideration,ADJ n factor or aspect aspect component. element facet factor feature thing,impossible ADJ,unable to be done or to happen. Socioeconomic deprivation is an important risk,factor for heart disease Music is the most. adv ADJ completely absolutely completely,quite simply totally utterly I realized. important thing in the world to me that it was absolutely impossible to get a job without. role contribution part role Carbohydrates play an a proper work permit. important role in maintaining health almost all but almost nearly practically virtually. point or issue issue point question The website well nigh It s all but impossible to have a rational. explains why climate change is such an important,issue and what you can do to help. discussion about the issue The prison cells were so. overcrowded that it was almost impossible for, difference difference distinction There is an prisoners to sit down. important distinction to be made between cosmetic obviously clearly manifestly obviously Bringing a. surgery and reconstructive surgery life sized tree onto the stage was obviously. decision or action decision milestone step impossible. Volunteers from across the country gathered to mark apparently apparently probably seemingly We. this important milestone for the organization should be grateful for his tireless efforts against. something you learn discovery lesson What is the seemingly impossible odds. most important lesson you ve learned in your in a particular way humanly logically logistically. professional life mathematically morally physically politically. v ADJ be become consider sth deem sth feel,remain seem Knowledge of foreign. technically It would have been physically impossible. to read them all even if you did nothing else for a. languages is becoming increasingly important to week. businesses It is considered important that feedback. is given immediately after the session,v ADJ appear be become be rendered look. seem sound The game was rendered,impossible by the wintry conditions It proved. to force people to accept something,impossible to reach an agreement Telling your. life story in 20 seconds sounds impossible,adv V from outside centrally externally They. to make difficult choices within externally impractical ADJ. imposed budget constraints not sensible or not likely to be effective or. successful,Usage Impose is usually passive in these. combinations Don t insult their professional ridiculously. adv ADJ very highly hopelessly quite,simply totally utterly wholly wildly. judgement with a lot of centrally imposed regulations d. Without technology these activities would be totally. in an unreasonable way arbitrarily arti cially,impractical. heavy handedly rigidly simply unilaterally No,rather probably rather somewhat These cars are. one was consulted in any way about the scheme it,was simply imposed Agreement means consent. from both parties not one side unilaterally imposing. regarded as somewhat impractical with little,carrying capacity and poor fuel consumption. obviously clearly Building such a large single,telescope is clearly impractical. using force aggressively forcefully forcibly,physically In seeking to forcibly impose a belief. system on everyone else they display cultural,v ADJ be become be considered be rendered. seem Exchanging large files was rendered, intolerance impractical by the low speed of the modem It may. impression 392, prove impractical to move large quantities of fresh. v ADJ be become look prove remain sound,results so far have proved impressive. impression N imprisonment N, an opinion or feeling about something or someone the punishment of being put in prison. adj N good favourable good positive the right,food and service all made favourable. adj N illegal arbitrary false illegal unjust,wrongful He would like to thank everyone. impressions who has supported him over his 8 long years of. bad bad negative poor unfavourable It is wrongful imprisonment. regrettable that a negative impression has been long continued inde nite long long term Those. created who went against the authorities could find. erroneous false incorrect mistaken, incorrect themselves facing execution or indefinite. wrong Whoever is paying you is doing so under the imprisonment. mistaken impression that you re actually doing some for a particular length of time life 12 months 5. work years etc The prisoner was fined and sentenced to. that deceives someone deceptive misleading A 28 days imprisonment for possession of drugs. biased sample can give a misleading impression of,the severity of the problem suffer. v N when someone is imprisoned receive serve,undergo He was told he had to serve eight. accurate accurate the right Your CV should convey,months imprisonment. an accurate impression of what you have achieved avoid imprisonment avoid escape Although she. general general overall overriding The picture,was heavily fined she managed to escape. gives an overall impression of peace and serenity imprisonment. strongbig clear deep distinct overwhelming risk imprisonment face risk Some risked. powerful profound striking strong vivid The visit imprisonment and even death to take part in the. made a deep impression on me I got the distinct,impression they were tired of being there. impose imprisonment impose sentence sb to A, lasting a long time abiding indelible lasting No sentence of imprisonment was imposed by the. matter how old you are this film will leave a lasting magistrate. impression, vague or brief eeting vague Many people have no improve V. idea what we do beyond a vague impression that it to make something better or to become better. is good work,immediate rst immediate initial instant His first. impression of the party was not a very positive one. drastically,adv V a lot considerably dramatically,enormously greatly hugely. v N create an impression convey create give,make produce His account is incomplete and. immeasurably immensely massively radically,remarkably tremendously vastly In the second half. of the game his concentration seemed to improve,gives the wrong impression greatly. get or have an impression form gain get have I, had the impression of a settled and happy If something has improved a lot you can say that it. community is much improved The bus services in this area are. correct an impression correct counter dispel I now much improved. would like to correct the impression you may have got a little marginally slightly somewhat Road. that I can t play conditions improved slightly today. confirm an impression con rm reinforce Evidence noticeably demonstrably markedly materially. confirms our earlier impression that the effect is measurably notably noticeably signi cantly. small substantially tangibly visibly These developments. will significantly improve healthcare facilities in the. impressive ADJ area, very good large etc in a way that you admire certainly certainly de nitely undoubtedly The. adv ADJ very deeply enormously especially,genuinely highly hugely immensely. use of the program definitely improved the general. understanding of the class,all the time consistently constantly continually. incredibly massively mightily mighty INFORMAL,continuously He continually improves his. particularly really so truly very As a committed,performance by setting goals and raising them. supporter of the disability movement she is a,slowly or gradually gradually progressively. mightily impressive individual,slowly steadily Employment rates for older people. rather fairly pretty INFORMAL quite rather It must. have steadily improved,have once been a rather impressive town house. quickly fast quickly rapidly Current computing,certainly admittedly certainly undeniably Their. technology is rapidly improving,live performances are said to be exhilarating and. generally generally overall Results have generally. this debut album is certainly impressive,improved this year. compared with something else doubly equally,in this way consequently hence thereby. similarly To achieve such subtlety with such a young. therefore thus More and more trees are being,cast is doubly impressive. planted to provide green areas thereby improving,in a particular way architecturally technically. air quality, visually Even after all these years the film is still. visually impressive V with age experience practice time use It is a. 393 inaccurate, complex skill and like all skills it improves with improvements to our website we would be happy to. practice hear from you,encourage improvement encourage ensure. improvement N facilitate promote support Feedback should. the process of becoming better or making promote learning and facilitate improvement. something better promise an improvement promise I can report. adj N great big considerable dramatic drastic,huge major massive radical remarkable. today that the promised improvements in the system. are being delivered,substantial tremendous vast England s 10 year. olds have shown a dramatic improvement in maths,n for N need opportunity room scope The. service is good but there is always room for,tests over the past decade improvement. small marginal minor modest slight I had an X, ray and the doctor said there was a slight impulse N. improvement already a sudden strong feeling that you must do something. noticeable appreciable de nite demonstrable,distinct genuine marked measurable notable after. adj N sudden sudden On a sudden impulse I rode,noticeable real signi cant tangible These. first rst initial My first impulse was to go out and. proposals will make a significant improvement to,buy a whole new set of clothes. the current position,strong irresistible powerful strong There came to. continuing constant continual continued,him an irresistible impulse to pray. continuous lasting long term ongoing,natural natural primitive spontaneous Our. sustainable sustained year on year It is clear that. natural impulses can be altruistic and cooperative. results have risen again this year demonstrating,as well as selfish. the continued improvements in education,violent destructive aggressive anarchic. slow or gradual gradual incremental progressive,destructive murderous sadistic self destructive. steady Then there was a gradual improvement in, suicidal violent His life is a constant struggle to. his work particularly in science,control his destructive impulses. rapid immediate rapid After a few sessions of,generous charitable generous On a generous. therapy there was a rapid improvement in his,impulse he gave the man his coat. creative artistic creative The exhibition is a,general general overall The inspectors noted an. celebration of the creative impulse which we all,overall improvement on the previous year. possess but which is so often stifled,necessarymuch needed necessary needed. not rational contradictory irrational She will,welcome The revenue raised would go into much. always be a woman of contradictory impulses,needed improvements in public transport. not expressed repressed Hidden motives repressed, recent recent Recent technical improvements means impulses and secret passions are revealed in the. that a better solution is available,course of the play. possible or planned further future planned,possible potential suggested Other suggested. improvements included a greater police presence and. tov Nassist,have an impulse feel have He felt an impulse. better street lighting fight an impulse control ght repress resist. of a particular type agricultural cosmetic restrain She resisted the impulse to give him a hug. environmental genetic operational technical obey an impulse follow obey What I really want. technological Recycling has the potential to create to do is just obey my own impulses. jobs and achieve environmental improvement,v N make an improvement achieve effect. introduce make secure Her mission is,the fact that you cannot do something. to achieve a lasting improvement in her quality of. adj N complete complete sheer total utter What, indicates is their utter inability to deal with any. cause an improvement bring bring about deliver policy issue. enable produce yield None of these variations of apparent apparent seeming He deplores humanity s. the basic design yielded any great improvements seeming inability to love selflessly. notice an improvement identify measure note very bad or unfortunate chronic pathological. notice report see The doctor said that if I didn t woeful There is a woeful inability to learn from past. notice an improvement we would try a different drug experience. show an improvement demonstrate show The, overall pass rates showed a marginal improvement prove. v N show inability demonstrate highlight,re ect reveal show This simply. be an improvement represent This represented a, demonstrates an inability to work together effectively. 13 per cent improvement in profitability overcome inability overcome Helen Keller was a. experience an improvement experience undergo deaf and blind girl who overcame her inability to. The area around the harbour is currently communicate. undergoing improvement,want or need improvement demand expect need. require seek The actual wording of the report needs. inaccurate ADJ,not accurate or correct,improvement. suggest an improvement plan propose,recommend suggest If you would like to suggest. hopelessly,adv ADJ very completely grossly highly,totally very wholly wildly Many of the. macmillan NEW,Specially created,Collocations to help upper. intermediate to,dictionary advanced students,write more natural. FO R LE ARNE RS OF ENGLISH and accurate English, This two colour dictionary of common word combinations has been. compiled using leading edge collocation nding software and a 2 billion. word corpus of modern English, Focus on students productive needs with collocations for over 4 500. carefully selected key words, Simple informative structure collocations are grouped in semantic sets. within each entry, Examples from authentic English show how collocations are used in. Easy to use layout with all headwords printed in red. Usage boxes with grammatical notes synonyms and alternative. expressions, Ideal for IELTS with special focus on academic professional and creative. writing with information on register provided where appropriate. To find out more about the range of Macmillan Dictionaries visit. www macmillandictionaries com,To access Macmillan Dictionary Online visit. www macmillandictionary com,ISBN 978 02307 2403 7,9 780230 724037.
Macmillan English Dictionary The second edition of the award-winning dictionary for advanced learners features the innovative red star system, giving extra information about the words learners really need. Macmillan Collocations Dictionary A brand new dictionary of word combinations for upper intermediate to advanced students helps them write more
72 HOUR ROOT CAUSE ANALYSIS (RCA) REPORT FOR PRESSURE ULCERS This report is to be completed in full and uploaded to Datix, electronically (in original word format) and the relevant Integrated Care Director/nominated deputy to be advised by email for review Patient Name: NHS Number Locality patient lives in: Name and designation of individual
Series, Fresno Art Museum, Fresno, CA. Meyers, L. (2005). Power and Pleasure: Feminist Art Practice and Theory in the U.S. and Britain. In Amelia Jones, ed., A Companion to Contemporary Art. Boston and London: Blackwell Publishing. Nadaner, D. Alternate Routes: Video Art and Dream and As Critique. Paper presented at the National Art Education ...
Thermodynamic analysis is required to study chemical reactions, not only because chemical yield exponentially grows with temperature, but because the extent of a reaction at equilibrium and the energies involved are governed by genuine thermodynamic variables as enthalpy and entropy. Physicochemical -