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GANONG Plant physiology
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216 PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, 19 1864 he received his B A at New Brunswick in 1884 M A in 1886. A B at Harvard in 1887 and Ph D at Munich in 1894 He also received. a Ph D at New Brunswick in 1898 and LL D in 1920 He became assistant. in botany 1887 1889 and instructor 1889 1893 at Harvard University. In 1894 he became Professor of Botany and Director of the Botanic Garden. of Smith College a position which he held for 38 years until his retirement. in 1932 He was elected second president of the Botanical Society of. America in 1908 and is a corresponding member of the Royal Society of. Canada Dr GANONG was an excellent teacher a very exacting and care. ful laboratory technician inventor of many devices for physiological ex. periments and a writer of textbooks and manuals which exerted a profound. influence upon the teaching of plant physiology, He and Dr BARNES were contemporaries BARNES about 5 years older. and they were good friends It is very gratifying to have Dr GANONG. added to the list of CHARLES REID BARNES life members. It was at Philadelphia in 1926 that the first award was made to Dr. BURTON E LIVINGSTON of Johns Hopkins University Since that time one. or more awards have been made each year Of the 17 recipients 14 are. living at the present time, Stephen Hales Award The seventh recipient of the STEPHEN HALEs. award is Dr PHiLIP RODNEY WHITE of the Rockefeller Institute for Medical. Research Princeton New Jersey for his work on the tissue culture of ex. cised roots Dr WHITE was born in Chicago in 1901 and received his. higher education at Montana A B 1922 the University of Washington. 1922 1923 Ecole nor d Inst Valence France certificat 1924 and Johns. Hopkins University Ph D 1928, After short service as micro technician in the Bureau of Plant Industry. 1925 1926 and as special investigator for the United Fruit Co 1926 1928. he became assistant professor of botany at the University of Missouri in. 1928 He was a National Research Council fellow at the Boyce Thompson. Institute in 1929 1930 and Rockefeller Foundation fellow at the Pflanzen. physiologische Institut at Berlin 1930 1931 Since 1932 he has been con. nected with the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research where his work. has attracted wide and favorable attention Many of his important papers. have been published in PLANT PHYSIOLOGY In 1938 he received the annual. prize of the American Association for the Advancement of Science for work. in a collateral field, It is a pleasure to extend to Dr WHITE the congratulations and felicita.
tions of his colleagues and friends who are happy to see him receive this. well deserved honor, Corresponding Member The American Society of Plant Physiologists. has elected to corresponding membership Dr P BOYSEN JENSEN Professor. of Plant Physiology at the University of Kopenhagen He is probably best. known to American plant physiologists for his Wuchsstofftheorie utnd ihre. Bedeutung fiur die Analyse des Wachstums und der Wachstumsbewegungen. der Pflanzen which was published in 1935 and made available in English. by AVERY and BURKHOLDER in 1936 In 1938 he also published a textbook. of plant physiology in Danish This work translated into German by. MATTICK was republished in 1939 and is a very fine statement of the fun. damental principles of plant physiology He has contributed to the litera. ture of the subject for more than thirty years and first proved the exist. ence of growth hormones in plants His American friends and admirers. extend most cordial greetings and good wishes to him and his institution. and welcome him as a corresponding member, Amendments A few small changes in the constitution of the American. Society of Plant Physiologists have become desirable These were con. sidered and approved by the executive committee at Philadelphia the pro. posals will be submitted by ballot from the secretary treasurer s office for a. vote on adoption sometime during 1941 It is hoped that all members will. be sufficiently interested to cast a ballot for or against the changes when they. are submitted, Monographs For many years the American Society of Plant Physi. ologists has desired to launch the publication of a series of monographs. The major problem has always been financial but it now seems possible. that a start may be made with relatively small risks if members will co. operate in the plan The secretary treasurer expects to be able to lay a. proposition before us that will involve mainly pre publication subscriptions. at reduced prices If the protoplasm symposium could be published at a. cost of 2 00 for instance and pre publication subscriptions for 200 copies. could be obtained the remainder of the risk might be floated in some other. manner not involving the society s finances In case such proposals should. come in concrete form it is urged that a generous response be manifested. There is nothing we cannot do if we desire it with our purse strings open. Success with the first venture would make succeeding ones easier to finance. Galleys A warning to all contributors to PLANT PHYSIOLOGY is in order. that when galleys are unduly delayed they will be set aside for the succeed. ing number We now have reached the condition in which the journal can. appear on time if the delay of slow proof reading can be eliminated Receipt. of a set of galleys is a demand that other affairs be laid aside until they are. again in the mails Those who respond most promptly will be the ones who. 218 PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, appear in the next number and the slow ones will be left for three months. later This is to avoid the nullification of the editorial speed by those who. hold up paging by long delays in forwarding corrected galleys. Southern Section The Southeastern Section of the American Society. of Plant Physiologists petitioned for a change in territory to coincide with. that of the Association of Agricultural Workers with which it meets and. for a change in name to Southern Section These changes were granted at. the Philadelphia meeting The Southern Section will meet at Atlanta. Georgia February 5 to 7 1941 On February 6 a breakfast for the group. will be followed by an organized round table discussion led by Dr I E. MIES of Raleigh North Carolina on the general aspects of plant nutrition. All meetings will be held at the Piedmont Hotel Any other information. about the meetings may be obtained from the secretary of the section Dr. T J HARROLD University of Georgia Athens Georgia, Necrology Several deaths have occurred among the members of the.
American Society of Plant Physiologists which represent distinct losses to. American science The following brief biographies are memorials to those. who have gone,CARL LuCAs ALSBERG, Born in New York April 2 1877 died in Berkeley California October. 31 1940 Dr ALSBERG was the son of MEINHARD ALSBERG and BERTHA. BARuCH ALSBERG He was one of the early leaders in biochemistry par. ticularly as related to agricultural products His early education was ob. tained at Columbia University and the College of Physicians and Surgeons. of that institution He received the A B in 1896 A M and M D in 1900. Between 1900 and 1903 he spent time abroad at the universities of Strass. burg and Berlin In 1902 to 1905 he was assistant in physiological chem. istry at Harvard and from 1905 to 1908 instructor in biological chemistry. at Harvard University In 1908 he was selected to become chemical biolo. gist with the bureau of plant industry in the U S Department of Agricul. ture but in 1912 was transferred to the bureau of chemistry as chief of the. bureau a position he filled for nine years, In 1921 he went to Stanford University as director of the Food Research. Institute and finally in 1937 he was invited to become director of the Gian. nini Foundation of Agricultural Economics at the University of California. This position he filled at the time of his death, He was a member of many scientific organizations and had served as. officer and editor for several of them As a result of his contacts and study. he had broad general grasp of agricultural social and economic problems. His earlier scientific interests had included the nuceleic acids proteins. enzymes toxicoloo and cyanogenesis One of his later contributions. which will be remembered by all of us was his interesting discussion of the. intimate structure of the starch granule published in PLANT PHYSIOLOGY. 13 295 330 1938,FRANK MARION ANDREWS, Last sprinig the April niumiiber of PLANT PHYSIOLOGY was dedicated to. FRANK MARION ANDREWS in holnor of his approaching 70th birthday anni. versary He was ill at the time but it was hoped that he might regain. strength enough to enjoy his retirement as emeritus professor at Indiana. which occurred in May He had made conisiderable progress but shortly. after the Thanksgivinig season he took cold which developed quickly into. pneumonia In his weakened coindition he was not able to overeome it. and died oni November 26 1940, The biographical sketeh published in the April nunuber gives sufficient.
details of his work and life so that nothing more needs to be added now. He is survived by his widow MARIE 0 ANDREWS and to her we extend the. sympathy of all miiembers of the American Society of Plant Physiologists. CAROLINE SHELDON MOORE, MNiss MOORE was born at Kewanee Illinois February 17 1871 died at. Redlands Californiia M ay 21 1940 She w as educated at Chicago A B. 1897 and spent short periods at Washington and Oxford Her early. experience in teaching was in acadeemies in Wisconsin 1896 1899 and. Illinois 1899 1901 She wAas conniected with Mt Holyoke College in 1901. and remained there unitil 1905 From 1906 to 1915 she was engraged in. private teaching ancd social service w ork She then weent to Linfield College. MeMIinuville Oregon where she spent six years She had been associate. professor of biology at the University of Redlands sinee 1921 Her main. interest as stated by herself was the desmnids of San Juan Islands. Symbiotic Nitrogen Fixation A monooraph entitled The Biochemistry. of Symbiotic Nitrooen Fixationi has been published by The University of. Wisconsin Press The auithor is Dr PERRY W WILSON associate professor. of aoricultural bacteriology at the University of Wisconsin It is a work. of 302 pages containis 34 plates many additional text figures and the. discussions are presented in eleveni chapters which cover the subject in. admnirable fashioni The first chapters are general and deal with the. niitrooen economny of miian and nature and leguminous plants in agricultural. history Other chapters concerni the biochemistry of bacteria interaction. of host anid bacteria fixationi of nitrogen by bacteria and plant the carbo. 220 PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, hydrate nitrogen relationship in nitrogen fixation excretion of nitrogenous. compounds by legumes the chemical mechanism of the fixation process. physical chemical characteristics of the enzyme system practical applica. tions and concluding observations It summarizes the literature of nitro. gen fixation which occupies 32 pages of citations This monograph is. highly recommended to anyone interested in the permanence of agriculture. and nitrogen fixation research It is well written and may be obtained. from the University of Wisconsin Press 811 State St Madison Wisconsin. at 3 50 per copy Libraries also must have it as a summary of the far. flung literature, Methods of Enzyme Research The BAMANN MYRBXCK monograph on. Die Methoden der Fermentforschung notice of which was given in the Octo. ber 1940 number of PLANT PHYSIOLOGY is coming from the press of George. Thieme Leipzig very rapidly Lieferungen 2 3 and 4 have already come. from the press No 2 contains 204 pages no 3 392 pages and no 4 408. pages bringing the total issued to date to 1276 pages or about a third of. the entire work The prices quoted for these three large sections are. RM 22 80 29 40 and 30 60 respectively or RM 82 80 for all three These. are the foreign prices and are not subject to discounts It is not possible. in a work of this kind to go into detail as to the contents They must prove. enormously valuable to all who wish to work in any field of enzyme research. Lieferung 2 continues the section on carbohydrates and their derivatives. and takes up nucleic acids and their derivatives proteins and their deriva. tives the amides acceptor chromogens thiols and disulphides conjugated. materials and begins consideration of substrates Lieferung 3 takes up. such techniques as the determination of the constitution of high molecular. weight compounds by use of enzymes roentgenology absorption spectra. Raman spectra fluorescence polarography magnetics viscosity measure. ments ultracentrifuge dielectrics cryoscopy osmotic methods melting. points and sublimation The last part of Lieferung 3 begins the considera. tion of enzymes nomography control of conditions redox potentials and. the calculation of the free energy of biochemically important reactions The. fourth Lieferung continues with the methods of following enzyme effects. first the physical and physico chemical methods then the chemical methods. and biological methods There is also a section on enzymic histochemistry. It then takes up the preparation and testing of enzyme preparations. dissolved enzymes active cell preparations especially from bacteria This. subject continues in the following Lieferung 5 which has not been seen. The work is most highly commended to all workers in these fields and. research libraries should consider it a must item It is hoped that the. remainder of the work can be issued expeditiously so as to be available to. all investigators engaged in enzyme research, Temperature An interestinig monograph Life and Death at Low Tem. peratures by Dr BASILE J LUYET and P M GEHENIO of Saint Louis Uni. versity comes as the first of a series of monographs in the field of general. physiology edited by Dr LUYET and published by Biodynamica at Nor. mandy Missouri This work does not attempt to cover the field of cold. hardiness in plants nor the refrigeration of biological materials. It is divided into three sections I The lower limit of vital tempera. tures II the physical states of protoplasm at low temperatures III. the mechanism of injury and death by low temperature. Part I covers the field of lower limits for infracellulars such as vitainins. and hormones enzymes enzymoids and viruses unicellular plants and ani. mals germ cells spores and seeds isolated cells and tissues of both plant. and animal origin and the higher metaphyta and metazoa. The second section has a preliminary chapter on the fundamentals of. heat conduction and three chapters on freezing the frozen state and melt. ing supercooling and the supercooled state and the vitreous state vitri. fication devitrification and vitromelting This section will remind Dr. LUYET S many friends of the fascinating demonstrations that he has pre. sented before his colleagues at scientific meetings. The last part presents chapters on the action of cold without ice formiia. tion and action of cold accompanied by ice formation. The general bibliography chronologically arranged and beginning in. 1736 occupies 33 pages A subject index and author index add to the. facility of use, It is a stimulating work worthy of attention by plant and animal physi.
ologists whether or not one always agrees with the interpretations Cer. tainly the results recorded in the sections on vitrification are a distinct and. valuable contribution to our knowledge of low temperature behavior of. living matter The fact that considerable proportions of it are reprinted. from Biodynamica does not detract from its value, It contains 341 pages 33 illustrations and can be purchased from.

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