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Freedonia Focus Reports World Collection World Turbines
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World Turbines,ABOUT THIS REPORT,Scope Method, This report forecasts total world demand in 2016 for turbines and related products by. product and major world region in US dollars at the manufacturers level Product. segments include,gas combustion,steam and hydraulic. turbine engines,turbine generators and generator sets. Turbine blades and other separately sold parts and components of complete turbine. products and systems are excluded from the scope of this report. Major world regions include,North America,Asia Pacific. Western Europe all other regions, Demand by product segment is also forecast for each major world region.
To illustrate historical trends world product and regional demand are provided for. 2006 and 2011 World and regional demand are further segmented by the following. applications for 2011,electric power generation,aircraft engines. marine and other applications, Finally world production is segmented by major world region and provided for 2006. 2011 and 2016, Demand in US dollars reflects local currency inflation from reported year to reported. year but rates of exchange between local currencies and the US dollar are held. constant in all reported periods that is at an average annual exchange rate calculated. for the base year of 2011, Forecasts emanate from the identification and analysis of pertinent statistical. relationships and other historical trends events as well as their expected. progression impact over the forecast period Changes in quantities between reported. years of a given total or segment are typically provided in terms of five year compound. annual growth rates CAGRs For the sake of brevity forecasts are generally stated in. 2013 by The Freedonia Group Inc,World Turbines, smoothed CAGR based descriptions to the forecast year such as demand is projected.
to rise 3 2 annually through 2016 The result of any particular year over that period. however may exhibit volatility and depart from a smoothed long term trend as. historical data typically illustrate, Other various topics including profiles of pertinent leading suppliers are covered in this. report A full outline of report items by page is available in the Table of Contents. World Turbines is based on a comprehensive industry study published by The. Freedonia Group in March 2013 Reported findings represent the synthesis and. analysis of data from various primary secondary macroeconomic and demographic. sources including,firms participating in the industry. government public agencies, national regional and international non governmental organizations. trade associations and their publications,the business and trade press. The Freedonia Group Consensus Forecasts dated June 2012. the findings of other industry studies by The Freedonia Group. Specific sources and additional resources are listed in the Resources section of this. publication for reference and to facilitate further research. Industry Codes, The topic of this report is related to the following industry codes.
NAICS SCIAN 2007 SIC, North American Industry Classification System Standard Industry Codes. 333611 Turbine and Turbine Generator Set 3511 Steam Gas and Hydraulic Turbines and. Units Mfg Turbine Generator Set Units, 336412 Aircraft Engine and Engine Parts Mfg 3724 Aircraft Engines and Engine Parts. Copyright Licensing, This publication is protected by copyright laws of the United States of America and. international treaties The entire contents of this publication are copyrighted by The. Freedonia Group Inc A full description of copyright and subscription or licensing. provisions is available on the final page of this publication. 2013 by The Freedonia Group Inc,World Turbines,Table of Contents. Section Page,Highlights 1,World Overview Forecasts 2.
Demand by Type 2, Chart 1 World Turbine Product Demand by Type 2011 2. Gas Combustion 3,Steam Hydraulic 4,Turbine Engines 4. Turbine Generators Generator Sets 5, Table 1 World Turbine Product Demand by Type million dollars 6. Demand by Application 7, Chart 2 World Turbine Product Demand by Application 2011 7. Electric Power Generation 7,Aircraft Engines 8,Marine Other 9.
Table 2 World Turbine Product Demand by Application million dollars 9. Production Trends 10, Table 3 World Turbine Product Shipments by Region million dollars 10. Regional Trends Forecasts 11,Regional Demand Overview 11. Chart 3 World Turbine Product Demand by Region 2011 11. Table 4 World Turbine Product Demand by Region million dollars 12. North America 13, Chart 4 North America Turbine Product Demand by Application 2011 13. Table 5 North America Turbine Product Demand by Type million dollars 14. Western Europe 15, Chart 5 Western Europe Turbine Product Demand by Application 2011 15. Table 6 Western Europe Turbine Product Demand by Type million dollars 16. Asia Pacific 17, Chart 6 Asia Pacific Turbine Product Demand by Application 2011 17.
Table 7 Asia Pacific Turbine Product Demand by Type million dollars 18. Other Regions 19, Chart 7 Other Regions Turbine Product Demand 2011 19. Central South America 19,Eastern Europe 20,Africa Mideast 20. Table 8 Other Regions Turbine Product Demand million dollars 21. Industry Structure 22,Industry Composition 22,Industry Leaders 23. General Electric Company 23,Siemens AG 24,United Technologies Corporation 25. Additional Companies Cited 26,Resources 26, To return here click on any Freedonia logo or the Table of Contents link in report footers.
PDF bookmarks are also available for navigation,2013 by The Freedonia Group Inc. World Turbines,HIGHLIGHTS, Global demand for turbine products is forecast to reach 162 billion in 2016. representing annual gains of 6 4 from 119 billion in 2011 Ongoing power. generation trends away from coal towards natural gas and wind power will boost. wind and gas turbine demand in both developing and mature economies. World demand for wind turbines is forecast to rise 7 5 per year from 38 5. billion in 2011 to 55 3 billion in 2016 Increased renewable energy requirements. particularly in Western Europe will play a significant role in demand for wind. turbines used in wind farms on land and offshore locations. Demand for turbine engines worldwide is projected to rise 5 6 per year from. 37 4 billion in 2011 to 49 1 billion in 2016 Increasing air travel in developing. economies ongoing need to upgrade older aircraft in mature markets and rising. levels of military spending will contribute to demand for turbine engines in. Demand for turbines in electric power generation applications is forecast to rise. 6 8 per year from 79 1 billion in 2011 to 110 billion in 2016 Increasing. electricity requirements in developing countries and the ongoing move away from. coal fired power plants in countries such as China will aid gains. The Asia Pacific region will remain the fastest growing market for turbines with. demand projected to increase 7 7 per year from 41 9 billion in 2011 to 60 7. billion in 2016 The continuing expansion of the dominant Chinese market. combined with demand spikes in Australia will boost regional growth. The top three global suppliers of turbines in 2011 General Electric Company. US Siemens Germany and United Technologies Corporation US. accounted for a combined market share of 32, 2013 by The Freedonia Group Inc Table of Contents 1. World Turbines,WORLD OVERVIEW FORECASTS, Global demand for turbine products is forecast to reach 162 billion in 2016. representing annual gains of 6 4 from 119 billion in 2011 Wind turbines will continue. to be the fastest growing turbine product type through 2016 but a much higher base of. existing capacity will limit the growth rate to a more moderate level Gas turbine demand. will be driven by a continued transition from coal to natural gas for electric power. generation This transition will continue to increase investment in natural gas plants. spurring expanded demand for gas turbines,Demand by Type.
World turbine product demand reached 119 billion in 2011 an increase from 78 9. billion in 2006 All turbine products are similar in that they derive their energy from the. action of vanes or blades that spin in response to a force applied upon them but differ. both in terms of physical complexity and in the media designed to actuate them. Chart 1 World Turbine Product Demand by Type 2011,118 5 billion. Combustion,Generators Turbine,Generator Sets Engines. Source The Freedonia Group Inc, Wind Wind turbine demand worldwide amounted to 38 5 billion in 2011 up from. 15 8 billion in 2006 Like other types of turbines the integral components of wind. turbines are blades typically three that spin in response to the kinetic energy of wind. against them thus creating force used to power an electric generator housed in the. turbine s nacelle Individual wind turbines the majority of which have outputs of. between 50 kilowatts kWs and four megawatts MWs are generally configured. 2 Table of Contents 2013 by The Freedonia Group Inc. World Turbines, together into wind farms or wind parks to provide grid connected power and such. farms create the majority of demand for wind turbines in any given year. Global demand for wind turbines is forecast to rise 7 5 per year from 2011 to 55 3. billion in 2016 The world wind turbine market will benefit from an improved outlook in. Western Europe where significant wind power additions will be required in order to. meet the 2020 renewable energy targets set by the European Union EU Wind turbine. demand in Western Europe will also be driven by repowering needs in the region s. relatively large base of older wind turbines However further gains through 2016 will be. hindered by a significant deceleration in several of the larger markets that led growth. over the 2006 2011 period particularly China After the rapid build up of the past 10. years the Chinese wind turbine market now faces difficulties from limitations in the grid. infrastructure and transmission systems DI, Gas Combustion Gas combustion turbine demand worldwide totaled 15 7 billion in.
2011 an increase from 12 3 billion in 2006 As the name implies gas combustion. turbines are actuated by the force of compressed gases against the blades The gases. are created from the burning of fossil fuels Along with blades the integral components. of gas turbines are compressors to draw in and compress the gas and combustors that. heat the compressed gas While the primary application for gas turbines is in power. generation settings these products are also employed in certain industrial applications. particularly in the oil and gas industry where the turbines can be used in remote. locations to power equipment, World gas combustion turbine demand is forecast to rise 7 3 per year from 2011 to. 22 3 billion in 2016 Increases will be fueled by further penetration of gas fired. combined cycle power generation units Output of shale gas in the US has risen. significantly in recent years and further gains are expected leading to above average. projected growth in the US gas turbine market Gains will also be aided by the. retirement of older coal fired plants in numerous European countries as well as in. China In addition smaller gas combustion turbines hold highly favorable prospects in. 2013 by The Freedonia Group Inc Table of Contents 3. World Turbines, distributed power generation settings as well as in combined heat and power facilities. in both developed and developing countries However additional demand for gas. turbines will be constrained by a continued push toward renewable power sources in. much of the developed world, Steam Hydraulic Demand for steam and hydraulic turbines worldwide reached. 11 9 billion in 2011 up from 8 3 billion in 2006 Steam turbines extract thermal energy. from pressurized steam and convert that energy into useful mechanical work These. turbines which are used in both coal fired and nuclear power plants are among the. most widely used power generation devices in the world Hydraulic or hydro turbines. are actuated by the force of falling water Hydro turbines have historically been used in. dams most commonly in countries with large indigenous water supplies and or. relatively high incidences of rainfall, World steam and hydraulic turbine demand is projected to advance 5 4 per annum. from 2011 to 15 5 billion in 2016 with developing countries such as India presenting. the best opportunities for growth In addition demand for steam turbines in geothermal. power holds strong long term potential due to the sustainability and relatively low. environmental impact of geothermal power sources However projected growth will be. a deceleration from the rate of the 2006 2011 period due to a moderation in the Chinese. market for these products which underwent extremely rapid gains as the country s. power generation industry expanded and a number of coal fired plants went online. Turbine Engines World turbine engine demand approached 37 4 billion in 2011 an. increase from 30 4 billion in 2006 Turbine engines such as turbojets turbofans and. turboprops find use primarily in commercial and military aircraft The turbojet the most. basic of the turbine engines generates significant power via highly compressed gases. that are burned reignited by afterburners for extra power when needed and fired out. the back of the engine as exhaust thus providing high speed propulsion Turbine based. aircraft engines offer more power greater speeds better performance and superior. 4 Table of Contents 2013 by The Freedonia Group Inc. World Turbines, aerodynamic efficiency relative to piston based engines.
Global demand for turbine engines is projected to rise 5 6 per year from 2011 to 49 1. billion in 2016 Both commercial and military aircraft orders have significantly increased. since 2010 with further growth expected A number of factors will support gains. including strong increases in air travel in many developing countries improved. economic conditions and an aging commercial air fleet in developed countries and. strong increases in the air cargo industry Furthermore military spending in a number of. countries eg China India Israel and Saudi Arabia will continue to be strong which. will provide additional opportunities, Turbine Generators Generator Sets Global turbine generator and generator. set demand totaled 15 1 billion in 2011 up from 12 1 billion in 2006 Broadly. speaking an electric generator is any device that converts mechanical into electrical. energy Thus turbine based generators are driven by the rotating action of a turbine to. create electricity Turbines of all actuation modalities such as steam gas wind and. hydro can be used to drive a generator A generator set is a device that incorporates a. generator with a prime mover in this case the turbine into a single package Virtually. all of the leading turbine suppliers also offer turbine generators and generator sets as. part of their product offerings, Turbine generator and turbine generator set demand worldwide is forecast to increase. 5 3 annually to nearly 19 6 billion in 2016 Because turbine generators are used. primarily in power generation settings suppliers will benefit directly from the expansion. of electricity generation capacity in a number of developing countries In addition. continuing expansion of the electric power industry in the US and Western Europe will. provide opportunities Prospects are especially favorable in rapidly industrializing. developing countries in Asia and elsewhere where energy requirements are growing. strongly Preventing faster growth will be the continued development of wind power in a. number of countries, 2013 by The Freedonia Group Inc Table of Contents 5. World Turbines, Table 1 World Turbine Product Demand by Type million dollars. Item 2006 2011 2016 11 06 16 11, Turbine Product Demand 78890 118500 161700 8 5 6 4.
Wind 15810 38450 55270 19 5 7 5,Gas Combustion 12300 15650 22300 4 9 7 3. Steam Hydraulic 8280 11920 15470 7 6 5 4,Turbine Engines 30400 37360 49090 4 2 5 6. Turbine Generators Generator Sets 12100 15120 19570 4 6 5 3. Source The Freedonia Group Inc, 6 Table of Contents 2013 by The Freedonia Group Inc. World Turbines,Demand by Application, The world turbine market can be segmented into three applications power generation. aircraft including space vehicle engines and marine engines and other applications. Electricity generation and aerospace engines account for essentially all 98 in 2011. Chart 2 World Turbine Product Demand by Application 2011. 118 5 billion,Marine Other,Electric Power,Generation.
Source The Freedonia Group Inc, Electric Power Generation Demand for turbine products in the global electric. power generation market totaled 79 1 billion in 2011 an increase from 46 9 billion in. 2006 The popularity of combined cycle electric power plants based on gas combustion. turbines coupled with the extremely rapid development of wind turbine markets initially. in Western Europe but more recently in all other regions has been largely responsible. for the ascendency of the power generation segment To elaborate wind turbines. moved from niche products used in just a few countries to the main segment of the. turbine electric power generation market, World demand for turbines used in electric power generation applications is forecast to. rise 6 8 per year from 2011 to 110 billion in 2016 A number of factors will promote. growth in the power generation segment most notably rising electric energy. requirements in developing countries achieving rapid industrialization especially in. Asia South America and the Middle East In addition the ongoing conversion from. high polluting coal fired plants to higher efficiency combined cycle units in China the. 2013 by The Freedonia Group Inc Table of Contents 7. World Turbines, US and a number of West European countries will provide opportunities Environmental. factors and an EU push towards renewable energy will also sustain growth in wind. generation systems Over the longer term nascent developments in tidal and in stream. hydro turbines will provide opportunities for turbine suppliers Compared to the historical. period power generation turbine demand growth will be restrained by a moderation in. wind turbine demand from the high levels of 2011 Global capacity additions reached. record heights in 2011 and expansion of smaller markets will be somewhat. counteracted by a significant deceleration in the massive Chinese wind turbine market. Aircraft Engines Global demand for turbines used in aircraft applications amounted. to 36 9 billion in 2011 up from 30 0 billion in 2006 All but the smallest civilian and. military aircraft utilize turbine based engines whether of the turboprop turbojet or. turbofan variant Turbines are also used in space vehicles although this application is. limited and comprises a small market relative to aircraft engines Aircraft original. equipment manufacturers OEMs are important customers for turbine based aircraft. engines while airlines and aircraft maintenance centers represent substantial. aftermarkets Demand for aircraft engines is heavily concentrated in countries with. strong aircraft manufacturing capabilities as engines are typically installed at final. assembly before the plane is flown to its ultimate purchaser. Global demand for turbine based aircraft engines is projected to rise 5 6 per year from. 2011 to 48 5 billion in 2016 A number of factors will support gains including strong. increases in air travel in many developing countries particularly in Asia and the Middle. East an aging commercial air fleet in many developed countries continued recovery. from the global recession of 2009 and rapid growth in the air cargo industry. Procurement of cost effective regional jetliners will also support increases In addition. both of the leading aircraft producers The Boeing Company Boeing US and. France based Airbus a subsidiary of European Aeronautic Defence and Space. Company Netherlands have developed newer aircraft with improvements in range. and fuel efficiency which is expected to spur replacement of older less efficient planes. 8 Table of Contents 2013 by The Freedonia Group Inc. World Turbines, Marine Other Demand for turbine engines used in marine and all other. applications worldwide amounted to 2 5 billion in 2011 up from 2 0 billion in 2006. This segment consists of turbine based engines for ships coupled with specialty. industrial applications found mostly in petroleum and gas related settings such as gas. pipeline compressor drives China and South Korea are the world s largest shipbuilding. countries with Japan and the Philippines also significant Shipbuilding activity is minor. outside of the Asia Pacific region, World demand for turbine products used in marine and other applications is anticipated.
to increase 5 9 annually to 3 4 billion in 2016 For most countries growth will be. driven by oil and gas applications Generally favorable conditions in the oil and gas. industry as energy demand remains strong will provide opportunities particularly in. China The US will see rapid growth in sales of turbines for industrial applications as. expansion of shale gas development will drive increased investment in pipelines The. ship engine market for turbines is mature in most countries and is expected to undergo. limited gains restrained by competition from alternate propulsion systems most notably. the dominant diesel piston engine Unlike aircraft engines the aftermarket for ship. engine turbines is small because replacing a ship s engine is often tantamount to. rebuilding the ship, Table 2 World Turbine Product Demand by Application million dollars. Item 2006 2011 2016 11 06 16 11, Turbine Product Demand 78890 118500 161700 8 5 6 4. Electric Power Generation 46940 79090 109900 11 0 6 8. Aircraft Engines 30000 36890 48450 4 2 5 6,Marine Other 1950 2520 3350 5 3 5 9. Source The Freedonia Group Inc, 2013 by The Freedonia Group Inc Table of Contents 9. World Turbines,Production Trends, Global supply dynamics for turbines and related products may be viewed from two.
perspectives the countries and regions where production tends to be concentrated and. the outlook for the major classes of products manufactured by the world turbine. industry When viewed in the aggregate world production of complete turbines and. related products is highly concentrated with respect to regions In 2011 a combined. 92 of production in occurred in the Asia Pacific region led by China North America. primarily the US with Canada also significant and Western Europe particularly the. United Kingdom UK Germany and France along with Denmark and Spain in wind. turbines On balance countries within North America and Western Europe possess the. characteristics conducive to the development of world class capital equipment. manufacturing industries such as turbines These include the presence of large diverse. and sophisticated home markets technical and marketing expertise gained through a. tradition of manufacturing higher value added engineered finished capital goods. managerial skill and the availability of local supplies of capital labor and other factors. of production The Asia Pacific region holds a more mixed level of industrial capability. but developed countries ie Australia Hong Kong Japan New Zealand Singapore. and South Korea generally possess these types of characteristics as well Production. gains in the Asia Pacific region over the past five years have largely been due to the. rapid industrialization of the Chinese and Indian economies As in the case of demand. the fastest growth in turbine production through 2016 will occur in developing countries. where markets are expanding most rapidly, Table 3 World Turbine Product Shipments by Region million dollars. Item 2006 2011 2016 11 06 16 11, Turbine Product Shipments 78890 118500 161700 8 5 6 4. North America 24870 33770 46000 6 3 6 4,Western Europe 32920 38140 47500 3 0 4 5. Asia Pacific 14995 37170 55000 19 9 8 2,Other Regions 6105 9420 13200 9 1 7 0. Source The Freedonia Group Inc, 10 Table of Contents 2013 by The Freedonia Group Inc.
World Turbines,REGIONAL TRENDS FORECASTS,Regional Demand Overview. World turbine demand is determined by two basic interrelated forces regional. including country by country demand dynamics and the business outlook for the. applications in which turbines are used predominantly power generation and aircraft. engines The two forces are interrelated in that the countries and regions that feature. the largest best developed markets for turbines and related products also tend to be. the ones where the major consuming industries are best established Thus the. industrialized countries of North America Western Europe and the Asia Pacific region. Australia Hong Kong Japan New Zealand Singapore South Korea and Taiwan. boast advanced industrial infrastructures that consume massive quantities of energy. and include significant air carrier and or aerospace equipment manufacturing sectors. and as a result comprise major markets for turbines While the industrialized countries. tend to exhibit the largest and most mature and thus most cyclical turbine markets the. fastest growing markets are usually found in the developing countries of Asia Central. and South America and the Africa Mideast region Many such countries have been. reforming and liberalizing their economies in recent years in order to attract external. investment capital and develop and expand their industrial sectors. Chart 3 World Turbine Product Demand by Region 2011. 118 5 billion,Other Regions,Asia Pacific 11 9,North America. Western 24 9,Source The Freedonia Group Inc, Global demand for turbine products is expected to grow 6 4 annually from 2011 to. 162 billion in 2016 In general the strongest growth will occur in developing regions. However the volatility of the market particularly in the wind turbine segment will allow. 2013 by The Freedonia Group Inc Table of Contents 11.


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