Analysis Of Response Of China New Energy Vehicle Markets -Books Download

Analysis of Response of China New Energy Vehicle Markets
17 Feb 2020 | 25 views | 0 downloads | 8 Pages | 529.78 KB

Share Pdf : Analysis Of Response Of China New Energy Vehicle Markets

Download and Preview : Analysis Of Response Of China New Energy Vehicle Markets


Report CopyRight/DMCA Form For : Analysis Of Response Of China New Energy Vehicle Markets



Transcription

the key to improve the environmental quality and industry. ease oil addiction In addition intelligent, networked and automation are the trends in the Chinese government announced a series of polices. automobile industry Meanwhile Electric in science and technology subsidy tax reward of. Vehicle EV is the best carrier to achieve those infrastructure etc from 2001 as shown in table 1. goals As a result to promote the development of NEV promotion has been raised as the National. NEV in China will make a great contribution to Strategy With the powerful supports from Chinese. energy and environment as well as the key path government the NEV markets has an enormously. to being a powerful country in automobile development. YEAR MONTH INSTITUTION NAME OF POLICES, Key Science and Technology Project of Electric Vehicle. 2001 October MOST,under 863 Program in the 10th FYP. Key Science and Technology Project of Energy Saving. 2006 November MOST, New Energy Vehicle under 863 Program in the 11th FYP. Notice on Implementing Energy Saving New Energy,2009 January MOF MOST.
Vehicle Demonstration Pilot Program, 2009 March State Council Auto industry adjustment renovation plan. MOST NDRC Notice on Extending Energy Saving New Energy Vehicle. MIIT MOF Pilot demonstration Program, MOST NDRC Notice on Implementing NEV Private Purchase Subsidy Pilot. MIIT MOF Program, 2011 July MOST 12th FYP Science Tech Development Plan. Notice on vehicle and vessel tax for new energy vehicle and. 2012 March MOST MOF, Key Science and Technology Plan of Electric Vehicle in the. 2012 March MOST,Energy saving new energy vehicle medium long term.
2012 June State Council,development plan, 2012 June MOF Notice on Bus Purchase tax free for city bus enterprise. 12th FYP The Strategic Newly Arisen Industry Development. 2012 July State Council,Notice on Implementing New Energy Vehicle. 2013 November MOST,Demonstration Pilot Program Phase. 2014 February Notice on Adjusting Phase out Mechanism on Subsidy. NEV Purchase Program for Government agencies and public. 2014 July MIIT MOF NG,institutions, 2014 July State Council Instruction on accelerating NEV Promotion. 2014 July NDRC Notice on the price of electricity for electric vehicle. MOF SAOT M,2014 August Notice on Purchase tax Free for NEV.
2014 November Notice on Reward of Infrastructure for Electric Vehicle. Temporary Provisions About New BEV Enterprises,2014 December NDRC. Investment and Producing Access Management draft, MOST NDRC Notice on Financial Support on NEV Promotion in 2016. 2014 December,MIIT MOF 2020, EVS28 International Electric Vehicle Symposium and Exhibition 2. Table 1 Major Policies from 2001 to 2014 in China 1 7. vehicle and parts enterprises and 14 6 thousands, This paper analysed response of china new scientists and engineers participate in the research. energy vehicle markets to government policies which established an innovation system of research. based on China Electric Vehicle Market and development in electric vehicle field. Database built by State Key Laboratory of Ten Cities One Thousand program was launched. Automotive Safety and Energy of Tsinghua with 13 cities determined to be pilot demonstration. University cities in 2009 and 12 cities in 2010, Here is the terminology used in this paper Ministry of Science and Technology of PRC.
HEV Hybrid Electric Vehicle issued 12th FYP Science Tech Development. PEV Plug in Electric Vehicle Plan in July 2011 and Key Science and. BEV Battery Electric Vehicle Technology Plan of Electric Vehicle in the 12th. PHEV Plug in Hybrid Electric Vehicle FYP in March 2012 in which the Electric drive. NEV New Energy Vehicle strategy was established, FCV Fuel Cell Vehicle China State Council released Energy saving. NDRC National Development and Reform new energy vehicle medium long term. Commission of PRC development plan in June 2012 and 12th FYP. MIIT Ministry of Industry and Information Strategic Newly Arisen Industry Development. Technology of PRC Plan in July 2012 The plan built industrial target. MOF Ministry of Finance of PRC and fuel consumption target The industrial target. MOST Ministry of Science and Technology is that the accumulated sales of PEVs would reach. of PRC 500 thousand in the end of 2015 and 5 million in. SAOT State Administration OF Taxation of the end of 2020 And the fuel consumption target. PRC is that the fleet average fuel consumption would be. NGOA National Government Offices 5 9 L 100km in 2015 and 5 0L 100km in2020. Administration of PRC In July 2014 China state council issued. Instruction on Accelerating NEV Promotion It, 2 Policies of New Energy Vehicle was the most comprehensive and systematic policy. in China in NEV Promotion After that many policies were. published including price of electricity purchase,In 2001 electric vehicle become one of 12 key. tax reward of infrastructure and enterprises access. Science and Technology Project during 10th,Major policies from 2001 to 2014 are shown in. Five year Plan FYP The 3 vertical and 3,horizontal technical layout was built which.
meant that the developing trend of research and, industry was confirmed in the future The 3 2 1 Fiscal and Tax Preferential Policies. vertical covered Fuel Cell Vehicle FCV, Hybrid Electric Vehicle HEV and Battery 2 1 1 Fiscal Incentives in China. Electric Vehicle BEV The 3 horizontal Subsidy policy in January 2009 was released for. covered vehicle control system driving motor the transit buses of 13 cities in ten cities thousand. system and power battery system vehicle pilot demonstration program Every BEV. In 2006 the Key Science and Technology Project bus could obtain 500 000RMB HEV buses could. of Energy Saving New Energy Vehicle was obtain 50 000 RMB 420 000RMB determined by. approved during the 11th FYP The project cost fuel saving ratio maximum electric power rate and. 7 5 billion Yuan 432 units including domestic battery type The fuel saving ratio is the percentage. EVS28 International Electric Vehicle Symposium and Exhibition 3. of fuel that could be saved by an NEV compared income tax Energy saving and new energy. with the conventional equivalent model built by vehicles and key parts enterprises engaged in. the same manufacturer For parallel hybrids the income technology development transfer and. maximum electric power rate stands for related consulting services business achieved can. maximum motor power divided by the sum of enjoy business tax exemption policy according to. rated engine power and maximum motor power the provisions. The maximum motor power is estimated by Purchase tax Ministry of Finance State. multiplying the rated motor power with a Administration of Taxation the Ministry of. coefficient For series hybrids the maximum Industry and Information Technology in August. electric power ratio is considered to be 100 8 released the notice on Purchase tax Free for. The higher the fuel saving ratio and maximum NEV in 2014 which said that from September 1. electric power rate is the more subsidies can be 2014 to December 31 2017 purchase tax of new. obtained 12 cities were added to pilot energy vehicles is free. demonstration program in 2010 increasing the conversation ratio in Infrastructure. total number of cities to 25 In May NEV Private 30 reward program. Purchase Subsidy Pilot Program was issued that PHEV car. subsidy amount was determined by battery 20 BEV bus. capacity which is not less than 15kwh BEV car BEV fast charging bus. 20 PHEV bus, and 10kwh 50km E drive range PHEV car special EV 3500kg. 12 special EV 3501kg,Private Customers could get 3 000RMB per kwh. up to 60 000RMB BEV car or 50 000RMB 10,PHEV car NEV car with lead acid battery was 3.
not in the subsidy range,In September 2013 the government initiated. subsidy phase 2013 2015 The subsidy Figure 1 conversation ratio in Infrastructure reward. covered BEV PHEV and FCV HEV did not program,qualify to the subsidy standard The basis of. key areas of air pollution control,subsidy amount was adjusted from fuel saving. 10 thousands yuan,2013 2014 2015,reward amount, ratio and maximum electric power rate to length 14000. for PEV bus from battery capacity to E drive 12000. range for PEV car In addition BEV bus with 10000, super capacitor and fast charging battery can get 6000.
150 000RMB For FCV the subsidy is 4000,200 000RMB FCV car and 500 000YUAN 2000. FCV BUS In January 2014 government,announced that adjust the Phase out mechanism. form 10 in 2014 and 20 in 2015 to 5 in,quantity of BEV car. 2014 and 10 in 2015,Figure 2 key areas of air pollution control. 2 1 2 Tax Incentives in China,other citiesin demonstration project.
Vehicle and vessel tax Ministry of Finance, State Administration of Taxation the Ministry of 14000. 10 thousands yuan, Industry and Information Technology in March 2013 2014 2015. reward amount, 2012 issued Notice on vehicle and vessel tax for 10000. new energy vehicle and vessel From January 1 8000, 2012 halved tax to energy saving travel free the 6000. tax to new energy vehicles and vessels 4000,Corporate income tax Business tax In July 2000.
2014 the State Council issued the Instruction on 0. Accelerating NEV Promotion Energy saving,and new energy vehicles and key parts. enterprises which have been determined to quantity of BEV car. obtain high tech enterprise income tax qualified Figure 3 other cities in demonstration project. can enjoy preferential policies in corporate, EVS28 International Electric Vehicle Symposium and Exhibition 4. Consumption tax Raise the consumption tax of 3 China New Energy Vehicle. oil And EVs are not in the scope of consumption,tax levy Market. 2 2 Other Incentive Policies 3 1 China Electric Vehicle Market. Infrastructure reward In November 2014 the, government established an Infrastructure reward After years of development China NEVs. program for cities in demonstration project The industry has began to take shape But there is no. amount of the reward was determined by the quantity specialized database to record NEV s information. of PEVs and FCVs which need to be converted and production Thus State Key Laboratory of. into BEV car The conversion ratio and reward Automotive Safety and Energy of Tsinghua. amount are here Fig 1 2 3 The conversion University developed the China Electric Vehicle. ratio of BEV fast charging bus is 20 which Market Database The data source is from China. means that one BEV fast charging bus is equal to Macro Industry Database monthly all vehicles. twenty BEV cars Meanwhile the minimum production China Automotive Information Net. number to get rewards and the highest reward monthly certain vehicle s production and China. that cities can get will increase year by year car Net certain vehicle s parameters The. New NEVs ratio targets Cities in NEV database was established on OFFICE EXCEL. demonstration program were required that the platform so that VBA language can be used to. NEVs cannot less than 30 of new added process the data which contents the monthly. vehicles in public service The proportion of new production of HEV BEV and PHEV and their. NEVs need to be higher 30 in all new vehicles parameters information such as curb weight. bought by China s State Organs and NEV length height width battery type and so on 9. demonstration cities organs The proportion in, other offices was required not more than 10 15 3 2 China Electric Vehicle Market.
in key areas of air pollution control in 2014 20, in 2015 and 30 in 2016 3 2 1 Accumulative Production of HEV and. Incentives of using NEVs Each city in China NEV, designed different incentive policies to make a Fig 4 illustrates the cumulative production of. more convenient environment for using NEVs BEV PHEV HEV The cumulative production of. than conventional vehicles to attract customers to NEV and HEV is nearly 200 000 from 2005 to the. buy or use NEVs In many cities such as Beijing end of 2014 BEV car represented 21 of the HEV. and Shanghai there are limits in vehicle purchase and NEV cumulative production by the end of. because of the terrible air environment and 2011 29 by the end of 2012 34 by the end of. serious traffic jam People in these cities must 2013 40 by the end of 2014 which rise steadily. take part in the vehicle license plate lottery or of 5 6 per year HEV car and HEV bus. auction to obtain purchase permit The ratio of proportion declined year by year There was a. lottery in Beijing for PEVs is nearly 100 with dramatic jump of 107 from 94 000 to 194 000 in. that for CVs is just about 1 In Shanghai PEV the cumulative production of NEV and HEV in. consumers can get a license plate for free which 2014 The growth rate was 100 in 2010 77 in. usually costs CV consumers nearly 80 000 Yuan 2011 97 in 2012 and 60 in 2013 Policies. Some cities are planning certain roads or parking were released frequently in 2010 2012 and 2014. spaces that only PEVs can use which are the top three growth rate years. EVS28 International Electric Vehicle Symposium and Exhibition 5. 190 000 Cumulative production BEV car Cumulative production HEV car. 180 000 Cumulative production BEV bus Cumulative production PHEV bus. Cumulative production HEV bus Cumulative production special EV. PHEV car date of police release,7 3 5 2012,140 000 2010 2011. 130 000 29,110 000 33 3 31,90 000 5 2013 11 5,80 000 22 34 40. 60 000 5 17,50 000 6 9, Figure 4 accumulative production of HEV and NEV in China.
yearly production of HEV and BEV,HEV CAR HEV BUS BEV CAR SPECIAL EV. 90000 FCV CAR PHEV CAR PEHV BUS BEV BUS,2011 7 2012. 80000 11 1,70000 21 38,5 2013 1 2014,40000 21 7 7 13. 20000 6 42,2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014. Figure 5 yearly production of HEV and BEV in China. EVS28 International Electric Vehicle Symposium and Exhibition 6. 3 2 2 Yearly Production of HEV and NEV Ten Cities One Thousand during 11th FTP. It can be seen from Fig 5 that production of NEV HEV bus was the major of NEVs bus and its. and HEV increased fast from 2005 The yearly production increased steadily before the. production of HEV and BEV in 2014 is 2 5 times subsidy phase was released in 2013 which. than that in 2013 and more than the sum pointed that HEV bus would no longer be entitled. production from 2005 to 2014 Proportions of to the subsidy In 2014 PHEV bus became the. different type vehicle proportion in the different largest proportion in NEV and HEV bus market. yearly productions are various In 2010 HEV bus instead of HEV bus The share of NEV in 2014. represented the highest proportion And then it was 5 2 in the bus market and nearly 20 in. declined year by year PHEV car was the latest large bus market. NEV type to enter the market but it was also the,China NEV bus and HEV bus production.
fastest one in growing The proportion of it was and market share. the second top in 2014 6 30000,NEV bus share in large bus. BEV bus production 5 2,New energy bus production,5 PHEV bus production 25000. 3 2 3 Passenger Vehicle Market HEV bus production,4 NEV bus market share 13709 20000. China NEV car production and market,share 3 15000,NEV car share in passenger car. 0 40 80000,BEV car 2 2,New energy car production,2 1 8 10000.
PHEV car 6993 6111,0 30 60000 12702,HEV car 1 0 7 5285 5000. 16558 2825,0 2 0 2 3804 2637,BEV PHEV HEV car,market share. 40000 0 372 293 0,2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014. 0 10 7641 20000 Figure 7 China NEV bus and HEV bus. production and market share,1967 10699,2010 2011 2012 2013 2014. Figure 6 China NEV car production and market Nowadays market of new energy vehicle in China. share has strong upward momentum But it is still a. The first NEV entering Chinese market was a tough work to achieve the target of 500 thousand. HEV car The number of NEV car was about zero in 2015 China s new energy vehicle market is still. from 2005 to 2009 not counting HEV car After immature It depended on government deeply. private market opened to NEV in 2010 the NEV which is much more sensitive to policies than. car began to grow By the end of 2013 conventional cars The production scale of China s. 30 000BEV cars were produced which cost four new energy vehicles is also very small resulting. years At the beginning of 2014 large numbers of in cost is difficult to decline It would be a great. PHEV cars entered market PHEV car have good blow to China s NEV market if the current. fuel saving ability and costs lower in obtaining government subsidies were cancelled Constantly. vehicle license plate Its proportion in NEV and incentives played a really important role to. HEV car market was 27 in 2014 exceeding promote industrial breeding and to achieve the. HEV car Another remarkable increase in 2014 small scale production But it is unpractical that. happened on BEV car Its production is 45 426 relying solely on long lasting financial subsidies. three times as many as that in 2013 which just to accomplish long term development of new. cost one year energy vehicles The government will have. enormous financial pressure The Chinese, 3 2 4 Commercial vehicle market government is also seeking new management.
The cumulative production of BEV bus PHEV methods such as corporate average fuel. bus and HEV bus has reached 58 000 BEV bus consumption or carbon management transaction. was 18 000 PEHV bus was 18 000 HEV bus was management etc to give companies. 22 000 In 2010 the production of NEV bus is psychological expectations of a long term. 2010 which was ten times than that in 2007 The production and sales of new energy vehicles with. gains were boosted by the demonstration program punishment plus reward double effect. EVS28 International Electric Vehicle Symposium and Exhibition 7. management practices to promote NEV,companies to continue producing electric vehicles. Government need to develop the ability of market Authors. instead of administrative means to promote mass Hong SHI received B E Degree in. production of NEV The NEV companies should vehicle engineering from China. take advantages of the generous policy Agricultural University CAU. environment and seize the opportunity of China s Beijing China She is now pursuing. new energy vehicle development The use of new M E Degree in vehicle engineering in. technology cooperation and business model will CAU and Tsinghua University China. gradually expand its production scale and,eventually get rid of dependence on the policy. Hewu WANG is the Associate,Professor and Deputy Director of the. Acknowledgments China US Clean Vehicle Consortium, This work was supported by Ministry of Science from Tsinghua University China His. and Technology of China under Contract Nos research interests include the. alternative fuels industrialization and,2011DFA60650 2012DFA81190 2014DFG71590.
demonstrations of electric vehicle,2013BAG06B02 and 2013BAG06B04. Minggao OUYANG is the Professor,References from Tsinghua University China He. is Directing the State Key Laboratory,of the Automotive Safety and Energy. 1 NDRC National Development and Reform Tsinghua University China. Commission of PRC,http www sdpc gov cn accessed on 2015 01 29. 2 MIIT Ministry of Industry and Information,Technology of PRC Fachao JIANG received the Ph D.
http www miit gov cnaccessed on 2015 01 29 degree in mechanical engineering. 3 MOF Ministry of Finance of PRC from the China Agricultural. http szs mof gov cn zhengwuxinxi zhengcefabu University. 201408 t20140806 1123100 html accessed on,2015 01 29. 4 MOST Ministry of Science and Technology of,PRC http www most gov cn accessed on. 2015 01 29,5 SAOT State Administration OF Taxation of PRC. http www chinatax gov cn accessed on 2015,6 NGOA National Government Offices. Administration of PRC,http www ggj gov cn accessed on 2015 01 29.
7 gov cn http www gov cn zwgk 2012,07 09 content 2179032 htm accessed on 2015. 8 Yan Zhou et al Plug in electric vehicle market,penetration and incentives a global review. Journal of Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies,for Global Change ISSN1381 2386 Date 15 Oct. 9 WANG H et al Analysis on the progress of,energy saving and new energy vehicle. industrialization in China based on a database,Journal of Automotive Safety and Energy ISSN.
1674 8484 2014 Vol 5 No 3 294 297, EVS28 International Electric Vehicle Symposium and Exhibition 8.


Related Books

FY 2015 SPECIAL EDUCATION STAFFING PLAN Table of Contents

FY 2015 SPECIAL EDUCATION STAFFING PLAN Table of Contents

FY 2015 SPECIAL EDUCATION STAFFING PLAN Montgomery County Public Schools December 20 13 Overview The responsibility of the Office of Special Education and Student ...

1 Color Vision and Self-Luminous Visual Technologies

1 Color Vision and Self Luminous Visual Technologies

Color Vision and Self-Luminous Visual Technologies Color vision is a complicated phenomenon triggered by visible radiation from the observer s environment imaged by the eye on the retina and interpreted by the human visual brain [1]. A visual display device constitutes an interface between a

GENERAL PAPER Cathodic Protection of Steel in Concrete in ...

GENERAL PAPER Cathodic Protection of Steel in Concrete in

Cathodic Protection of Steel in Concrete in Australia: History And Current Status ... the design of CP systems, ... reinforcement continuity, ...

Q-Learning in Continuous State and Action Spaces

Q Learning in Continuous State and Action Spaces

Q-Learning in Continuous State and Action Spaces ... Reinforcement learning systems learn by trial-and-error which actions are most ... Continuity: Actions can vary ...

Reinforced concrete slabs subjected to thermal loads F.J ...

Reinforced concrete slabs subjected to thermal loads F J

The specimens varied in the amount and orientation of the in-plane reinforcement ... regime was used to investigate thermal gradient effects at ... or "continuity ...

The Tangent Ratio - Big Ideas Math

The Tangent Ratio Big Ideas Math

542 Chapter 9 Right Triangles and Trigonometry 9.4 Lesson WWhat You Will Learnhat You Will Learn Use the tangent ratio. Solve real-life problems involving the tangent ratio. Using the Tangent Ratio A trigonometric ratio is a ratio of the lengths of two sides in a right triangle. All right triangles with a given acute angle are

HBT 13-US april14

HBT 13 US april14

HALFEN HBT REBEND CONNECTION HBT 13-US ... For reinforcement continuity and structural ... HALFEN HBT Rebend Connection con-sist of speci? c reinforcement, ...

Eazistrip Reinforcement Continuity Systems - Precon Products

Eazistrip Reinforcement Continuity Systems Precon Products

2 Other Rebar Continuity Systems Ancon manufactures other reinforcement continuity systems for use when bar diameters exceed 16mm, lap lengths do not fit within an ...

Reinforcement Continuity Systems - Precon Products

Reinforcement Continuity Systems Precon Products

2 OtherRebarContinuitySystems Ancon manufactures other reinforcement continuity systems for use when bar diameters exceed 16mm, lap lengths do not fit within an ...

Insulin-induced Oedema in a Patient with Diabetes Mellitus ...

Insulin induced Oedema in a Patient with Diabetes Mellitus

oedema should be considered in the differential diagnosis of oedema in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus complicated by ketoacidosis, particularly if they are underweight. Key words: insulin therapy, adverse drug reaction, oedema, type 1 diabetes mellitus, adolescence.